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Army to stem overuse of prescription drugs, Congress told. Two of the games are from the Far Cry and Assassin's Creed series. Technology to better treat premature babies continues to be developed today. Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt , is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Mendola said.

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Dr Paize: Families need emotional, spiritual and religious support in these situations, and we need to be mindful of the fact that they are going through something extremely difficult. We need to empower them to use their own support networks and provide support as long as we can. In difficult ethical decisions, it is important that we are honest and open with families, give them written information, connect them with people who have been in a similar situation, and always have our doors open.

They should get all the support they need and we need to let them know that they are not alone in these difficult times. The large majority of neonatal deaths still occur in the hospitals, how can we give parents the opportunity to be with their dying child, in the clinics or at home? Dr Paize: It is vital to understand the local resources available to families.

This will vary and it will be important to only offer what can be delivered in the local area, for example, what local hospice or palliative care teams are and are not able to offer. We need to be aware that taking a baby home with a life-limiting diagnosis, complex medical needs and equipment, can be a truly daunting task. Comprehensive discharge planning is crucial to support a seamless transition to home or to another place of care.

Some hospitals can provide an outreach service which improves continuity of care between settings. In this partnership, they can emotionally support families throughout pregnancy and help in the transition to the hospice immediately after discharge from hospital. Families can visit the hospice before their baby is born to decide if this is the place they would like to spend time with their baby and extended family.

They allow some normality in a supported environment, such as being able to sleep in the same room, being able to take the baby into the garden, pushing it in a pram, and spending time as a family. It allows parents to balance their expectations of parenthood and independence with the specialist palliative care. They also are experienced in memory making, symptom control, supporting families at home as a step down from hospital for those babies that may not die imminently.

Hospices also aid in funeral planning, registering the birth and death of their child, and give bereavement support to the extended family including siblings and grandparents. How can healthcare professionals who work in PPC be compassionate partners for the families and still not be overwhelmed psychologically in these often devastating situations? This can help to reduce their levels of stress, risk of burnout, compassion fatigue and increase their job satisfaction.

She is also the mother of Jacob who was stillborn at 23 weeks. Having felt the severe pain of baby loss she is committed to improving perinatal palliative, end-of-life and bereavement care. She is passionate about supporting parents and staff through the traumas of neonatal intensive care and has led several initiatives in neonatal units trying to make the journey as tolerable as possible for all involved.

Summary: After decades of research, a new study links optimism and prolonged life. Optimism refers to a general expectation that good things will happen, or believing that the future will be favorable because we can control important outcomes. Whereas research has identified many risk factors that increase the likelihood of diseases and premature death, much less is known about positive psychosocial factors that can promote healthy aging. The study was based on 69, women and 1, men.

Both groups completed survey measures to assess their level of optimism, as well as their overall health and health habits such as diet, smoking and alcohol use.

Women were followed for 10 years, while the men were followed for 30 years. Interestingly, optimism may be modifiable using relatively simple techniques or therapies. It is unclear how exactly optimism helps people attain longer life. Chan School of Public Health. We thank all of you and our brilliant global family for all that we share. Rate: 7. Egypt , officially the Arab Republic of Egypt , is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.

Egyptian life expectancy at birth was Egypt spends 3. In , spending on healthcare accounted for 4. In , there were Life expectancy increased from Please see the wonderful global collaborators pictured below! Therefore, we must establish a strong global network to efficiently join forces and to become a powerful voice for these children and their parents. We would like to thank all participants of this meeting for their valuable and inspiring input, for the insightful talks and constructive debates.

With a lot of work ahead we are certain that together, we have the power to make an impact, helping babies born too soon, too small or too sick and their families — worldwide! GLANCE aspires to decrease the burden of afflicted families and their preterm and sick newborns to help them thrive beyond survival. Like each of us, every Warrior has unique abilities and needs. Thank you teachers! We appreciate the important contributions you will make to our Warrior community and to our global Community at large.

These five learning resources have been developed to improve your knowledge and confidence in supporting prematurely born children in the classroom. What does this mean for secondary school teachers, and science teachers, in particular? David Odd, a neonatal consultant at Southmead Hospital, Bristol, has studied the impact of premature birth on school performance. He recently reported that preterm children have a higher risk of needing special educational support and achieving low GCSE scores than those born at full term, although the impact of prematurity appears to diminish the longer children are at school.

He also found that infants born before 32 weeks gestation have the highest risk of poor school outcomes. Training may be useful, but recognition of this group of vulnerable infants is certainly important. Samantha and her colleagues are currently researching mathematics attainment in secondary school PRISM Early evidence shows that preterm students are still at higher risk of lower attainment than their term-born peers.

The team found that the attainment of very preterm children showed little change from primary to secondary school compared with their peers. Samantha and Camilla believe that students born very preterm who struggle with maths may need different types of support compared with other students who have difficulties.

Jenny points to research suggesting that the majority of teachers and educational psychologists think disclosing preterm birth status could be helpful. Jane Essex , a chemistry education lecturer at the University of Strathclyde, disagrees. Jane thinks teachers should only use functional labels to guide practice.

Prematurity might be only one reason for slower processing ability. Rob Butler , a special school science teacher for 20 years, also has reservations. There is also a danger that it sets parents up to expect provision that they might not receive, especially within a stretched mainstream school. Her team is working with teachers, educational psychologists, parents and young adults born preterm to design an online training resource for teachers.

This resource provides information about preterm birth and how it can affect long-term development and learning as well as strategies for teachers to support learning. Please check out this informative, colorful and progressive publication that describes The GHN as follows:. The ideal strategy of weaning off nCPAP is not established. Premature discontinuation may lead to atelectasis, apnoea and bradycardia, respiratory distress, prolonged oxygen therapy and ultimately lung injury 1.

On the other hand, undue prolonged therapy increases the risk of nasal trauma, gastric distension, pneumothorax and agitation 2. Amatya et al. In contrast, Eze et al. Jensen et al. The discrepancy in the findings of the Jensen et al. Similarly, Soe et al. Where do we go from here? Purpose: An estimated 3. Methods: A longitudinal, descriptive study design was employed to examine maternal psychological well-being a three time points; weeks prior to discharge, one and three months post discharge.

Convenience sampling was used to recruit 19 mothers of infants dependent on medical technology being discharged from a large Midwest Level 4 NICU in the United States. Nearly one half were at increased risk for clinical depression and PTSD and warranted referral for mental health assistance one month post-discharge. It is vitally important to perform mental health assessments prior to the discharge of technology-dependent infants prior to discharge and at regular intervals following discharge and refer for mental health assistance as needed.

Such finding indicate the critical need to offer enhanced transition services and education as well as assessment of discharge readiness by the interdisciplinary NICU team. Artificial placenta based life support technology breaks its 4 minute mile.

A major advancement in pioneering technology based around the use of an artificial womb to save extremely premature babies is being hailed as a medical and biotechnological breakthrough. In the world of artificial placenta technology, we have effectively broken the 4 minute mile.

In many countries, ritual foods, such as honey and animal milk, are commonly given to newborns before they are first breastfed or early in life. These foods, called prelacteals, may undermine the benefits newborns would otherwise receive from exclusive breastfeeding.

Immediate and exclusive breastfeeding helps maintain healthy growth in infants and protects them against infections. The gut microbiome is intrinsically involved in both of these processes. However, in Bangladesh and many other low-resource countries, it is a common cultural practice to give newborns ritual foods, like honey or animal milk, before breastfeeding begins.

Labrique and Azad hypothesize that prelacteals interfere in the development of an optimal gut microbe, which, in turn, impedes newborn development. To test this, they will use a long-standing population research site in rural Bangladesh JiVitA. They will also analyze prelacteal composition to search for pathogens, heavy metal contaminants, as well as examine bacterial populations in the breastmilk and on the skin of the mothers. The study will enable them to quantify the potentially negative impact of this widespread cultural practice, common to over a billion people across the Gangetic floodplain in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan.

Grand Challenges is a family of initiatives of the Gates Foundation fostering innovation to solve key global health and development problems. Meeting participants in Berlin were invited to identify a major global health challenge and submit a two-page proposal describing how they would solve it.

Labrique, an associate professor in the Department of International Health at the Bloomberg School, is an infectious disease epidemiologist and a globally recognized leader in developing and testing innovations to improve maternal and infant health outcomes. She uses a trans-disciplinary approach to bridge the traditional pillars of research. Adults who were born preterm under 37 weeks gestation are less likely to have a romantic relationship, a sexual partner and experience parenthood than those born full term.

The meta-analysis by researchers at the University of Warwick with data from up to 4. They have found that adults who were born pre-term are less likely to form romantic relationships than full-term peers. In the analysis 4. Those studies that looked at sexual relations of pre-term children found that they were 2. Close and intimate relationships have been shown to increase happiness and well-being both physically and mentally. However, studies also show that forming those relationships is harder for pre-term born adults, as they are usually timid, socially withdrawn and low in risk-taking and fun seeking.

Despite having fewer close relationships, this meta-analysis also revealed that when preterm born adults had friends or a partner, the quality of these relationships was at least as good in preterms compared to full term born adults.

Rather preterm born children have been previously found to have poorer social interactions in childhood that make it harder for them to master social transitions such as finding a partner, which in turn is proven to boost your wellbeing.

All of which enhances wellbeing. Celebrate you, your journey and those that share your journey….. Psychotherapists attend to mental health needs of NICU families, specifically focusing on the developing relationship between babies and parents. Bringing a baby into the world involves many firsts — mothers and fathers are discovering their new roles, babies are learning what it means to live outside the womb, and the family is forging a relationship and bonding.

What happens when this time of uncertainty is complicated by medical issues? Many infants born premature or with other complications often forego their first weeks or months at home for a stay in the neonatal intensive care unit.

The NICU is designed to deliver critical medical care to babies in need but can be traumatic for infants and their families, alike. Infants may not be the first age group called to mind in discussions of mental health. Yet, for babies in critical medical condition, Dr. This means not only focusing on the physical needs of the child but also the emotional and mental needs, not an easy task for newborn infants who cannot make their voices heard.

Lakatos, Dr. Many parents of children in intensive care units experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress, which can threaten bonding with a newborn baby. In order to support the developing relationship between parents and their new baby, the CHLA infant mental health team turned to a model of intervention that has demonstrated success in families who have undergone trauma. Child-Parent Psychotherapy — or CPP — addresses the parent-child relationship directly, nurturing and advocating for it in its own right.

Their publication describes how the established, evidence-based CPP model can be used to nurture developing infant-parent relationships in the NICU.

CPP is a flexible model that has multiple levels of intervention, depending upon individual family needs. Sessions with trained CPP providers can vary in number or duration, with the aim of restoring a developmental trajectory for parent and child. CPP providers advocate for mental health needs of parents and babies, working alongside their medical and social work colleagues. Appropriately, NICU medical staff focus on the acute physical needs of the child.

Williams sees clinical psychologists in a necessary, complementary role. Being mindful of the stressors these families are facing helps them feel understood and can set them on a positive trajectory. The pairing was blind two sets of folded up paper with fashion and country names chosen blindly from two separate bowls and we are including an item made by or representing each country somewhere in the photo shoot.

Our efforts to gain information regarding our Neonatal Womb community in the Russian Federation was difficult, as gaining information in general outside of the US currently seems to be.

The Russian Constitution guarantees free, universal health care for all its citizens. In practice, however, free health care is partially restricted because of mandatory registration. By Dr. Shailja Mehta — Jun 3, She was transferred to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit NICU , where care is given to newborns who need special attention , and finally sent home after 5 months of treatment.

Premature babies like Saybie, who were unlikely to survive if they were born just a few decades ago, are thriving thanks to advances in modern medicine. A NICU team usually consists of a neonatologist, a specialized nurse, and a respiratory specialist who arrive and prepare a baby warmer even before the baby is delivered. When the baby is born it is taken to a warmer where heat and oxygen are provided. Very small premature babies like Saybie are usually hooked up to a tube connected to a breathing machine, and a team constantly monitors their heart rate and blood pressure.

All babies undergo dramatic body system changes after birth. Some of these include breathing on their own, changes in the heart structure and direction of blood flow in large vessels.

Healthy babies born after 9 months of gestation typically do not need medical help to go through these changes. But premature babies or those with health problems can have difficulty making that transition into the world. Survival rates for premature babies vary based on the length of pregnancy, weight and sex of the baby, and whether they received a specific medication to help quicken their lung maturity before birth. A developing fetus goes through important growth throughout pregnancy, including in the final months and weeks, according to the CDC.

For example, the brain, lungs, and liver develop during the final weeks of pregnancy. Babies born too early, especially before 32 weeks, have higher rates of death and disability. According to Dr. That chance goes up with increasing gestational age.

It has been standard to provide lifesaving treatment to a baby born at 24 weeks, according to Dr. Blau, but now doctors are using new technology to try to save babies born ever earlier in some cases. His discovery transformed the NICU layout from babies isolated in cubicles to one large room filled with newborns in their incubators. In the s, doctors discovered the benefits of mothers holding their babies after giving birth.

Technology to better treat premature babies continues to be developed today. Earlier this year, a team of scientists at Northwestern created and are testing soft, flexible wireless sensors for babies to monitor their vital functions, replacing long cords, and found that they were just as accurate and allowed better parent-child interaction.

Blau said. With a growing base of professional knowledge about neonatal care and constant improvements in technology, Dr. Blau thinks the future is bright. On 12 December , the United Nations General Assembly endorsed a resolution urging countries to accelerate progress toward universal health coverage UHC — the idea that everyone, everywhere should have access to quality, affordable health care — as an essential priority for international development.

International Universal Health Coverage Day aims to raise awareness of the need for strong and resilient health systems and universal health coverage with multi-stakeholder partners. Each year on 12 December, UHC advocates raise their voices to share the stories of the millions of people still waiting for health, champion what we have achieved so far, call on leaders to make bigger and smarter investments in health, and encourage diverse groups to make commitments to help move the world closer to UHC by As a prerequisite to determine whether neonates fall into reference ranges, all infants are classified on the basis of gestational age GA and birth weight BW.

Early ultrasonography US improved the accuracy of pregnancy dating, but discrepancies in dates, physical examination findings, and size necessitate further evaluation. If antenatal care has been lacking, physical assessment remains the primary clinical determinant of GA. GA is noted in completed weeks after the onset of the last menstrual period LMP.

A term infant is an infant who is born after 37 completed weeks i. A preterm infant is born before 37 completed weeks i. Small for gestational age SGA neonates are those whose BW is less than the 10th percentile for their gestational age.

The placenta should be carefully examined by pathologists. These infants are at increased risk for developing necrotizing enterocolitis NEC. They often have higher than normal caloric requirements for growth.

Intrauterine growth retardation or restriction IUGR is used to describe neonates whose growth is not at the 10th percentile for their gestational age in utero or in neonates in whom the weight percentile is decreasing in relation to GA ie, crossing the 10th percentile lines ; these neonates may be SGA.

Considerable evidence has shown that IUGR and smallness for gestational age can increase the risk of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus NIDDM , coronary heart disease, hypertension, and stroke. This has led to a rapidly growing field: study of the fetal origins of adult diseases. Large for gestational age LGA infants are those whose weight is greater than 90th percentile for their gestational age.

These infants are at increased risk for perinatal asphyxia, birth injury, hypoglycemia, hypocalcemia , polycythemia, and thrombocytopenia. Infants of mothers with diabetes are often large for gestational age. A new study suggests that the experience will make their DNA age six times faster than normal. And the effect will be largest among those whose training programs demand the longest hours.

A new study suggests that between now and next summer, that experience will make their DNA age six times faster than normal. The findings about the effect of residency focus on the stretch of DNA called telomeres — which keep the ends of chromosomes intact like the plastic end of shoelaces.

The discovery that telomeres shrink in an accelerated way among interns suggest the importance of ongoing efforts to reduce the strain of medical training.

But the researchers say their study also holds implications for other professions and situations that expose people to prolonged stress and months of long hours. Published online in the journal Biological Psychiatry , the new study is the first to measure telomere length before and after individuals faced a common prolonged intense experience.

It involved interns from around the country who volunteered for the Intern Health Study, based at the University of Michigan, and a comparison group of college students from U-M. She is now a psychiatrist at Kaiser Permanente in California as well as having an appointment at Brown.

Sen notes that after the discovery that telomeres protect the DNA in chromosomes from damage — a discovery that earned the Nobel Prize — research on them in humans has focused on taking snapshots of telomere length, mainly in older adults.

This has yielded important discoveries about the links between shrunken telomeres and disease. Ridout analyzed data from dozens of telomere studies for a meta analysis published in that showed clear links between telomere length and the risk and severity of depression. In the new study, Sen and his colleagues asked recently graduated medical students to contribute a sample of their DNA before they began their intern year, and then followed up to get another sample at the end of that year.

The interns also took a lengthy questionnaire before their training began, and again at several points during and at the end of the intense year. This included those who said their family environment early in life was especially stressful — which echoes previous findings about the impacts of such an upbringing on telomere length. On average, all the interns in the study said they worked an average of By contrast, the comparison group of 84 first-year U-M undergraduate students experienced no telomere shrinkage, despite also being in a stressful year-long situation of coping with life at an elite institution of higher education.

Future studies will explore if this sort of shiftwork increases telomere attrition. He also hopes that researchers can evaluate whether any practices can protect telomeres from shrinkage or even spur repair and lengthening of these protective stretches of DNA. And as new doctors prepare to graduate and head into their intern years, he advises them to focus on their mood, sleep and stress-relieving activities as much as they can. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Journal Reference : Kathryn K. Ridout, Samuel J. Ridout, Constance Guille, Douglas A. Mata, Huda Akil, Srijan Sen. Biological Psychiatry , ; DOI: The intensity of a traumatic incident varies from person to person. Trauma from when one was a child can range from a crippling fear of abandonment to physical abuse and anything between the two.

Many adults are forced to deal with the trauma they experienced as children throughout their lives. This article will hold true for whoever has had to face something traumatic as a child. We even do this unconsciously in order to protect ourselves at the time. But it is important to deal with these issues so that we can finally be free of that burden. And indeed, this comprehensive resource is working. No Wi-Fi needed and conveniently accessed at the bedside.

Jodi was determined to find a way to support and prepare parents to feel comfortable and confident while caring for their child as essential partners with the NICU healthcare team. In her many years of NICU bedside practice as a nurse, she has seen this is not always the case. We decided to try to change this. However, because so many parents are having multiples, that additional capacity was soon added. Next, the Dolezels researched each critical area of knowledge for preemie parents, and organized them into sequential sections.

Navigating the NICU is the essential first step in helping parents understand unfamiliar medical terminology, staff roles, medical equipment, and the intense clinical environment. The Weekly Developmental Guide provides what every parent wants to know what to expect week to week.

Anatomy presents a system-by-system look at each body function relevant to pre-term infants with the option of diving deeper into content regarding complications if they should arise. This area also promotes strong interaction and discussion points between parents and the healthcare team. With Milestones, parents can capture the moments and achievements they experience with their baby throughout their journey together, all of which can be downloaded and saved as a lifelong keepsake.

Steps to Discharge offers a thorough explanation of the achievements required for taking your baby home, which is always a priority for preemie parents. There is a thorough education about the options available to parents, including pasteurized human donor milk and human milk-based fortifiers to ensure optimal nutrition, according to gestational weight.

And finally, the Support section provides a guide to parent support organizations all over the country that moms and dads can tap into both before and after discharge. But Peekaboo ICU is not resting on its laurels. This will include an After the NICU Section for parents to document appointments, medications, nutrition, procedures, a daily schedule, and notes with HIPPA-compliant server integration for capturing real-time data. Server integration will also afford synchronization between multiple apps and provide safety backups.

Jodi feels gratified. Nurses tell us the app makes their job easier. Lactation specialists say it encourages moms to track pumping, which often leads to better outcomes. Hospitals call it an invaluable tool they can use because it is non-branded, without advertisement.

Pregnancy normally lasts about 40 weeks, and babies born after 37 weeks of gestation are considered full-term. Babies born prematurely — earlier than 37 weeks — often have difficulty breathing and digesting food in the weeks after birth. Preemies can also encounter longer-term challenges such as impaired vision, hearing and cognitive skills, as well as social and behavioral problems.

Preterm birth has also been linked to an increased risk of high blood pressure and diabetes decades later. Only 1, of these babies, or less than one percent, went on to be diagnosed with heart disease by ages 30 to For every , babies born at full term each year, about 5. That compares to about 6. They also had too few extremely preterm babies to draw firm conclusions about the heart risks associated with delivery earlier than 34 weeks gestation.

CBM-I via smartphone app could help patients with depression, anxiety, and other mental health conditions. People living with anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions may soon be able to use a smartphone app to deliver on-demand cognitive bias modification for interpretation CBM-I , a way to change mental habits without visiting a therapist.

Based on a study by McLean Hospital researchers, individuals with anxiety, depression, and other mental health conditions may soon be able to use a smartphone app to deliver on-demand cognitive bias modification for interpretation CBM-I , a way to change mental habits without visiting a therapist. It also points the way for adapting this therapeutic approach for use outside the hospital.

To do this, individuals undergoing CBM-I treatment can be presented with a series of word association questions that address everyday situations. For example, the CBM-I task may show a patient a situation about a person yawning during their conversation. Through repetition, this type of CBM-I therapy helps the person reframe or reassess these daily ambiguous situations. You can get stuck in a cycle that can maintain anxiety or depression. They presented patients with word-sentence associations that encouraged patients to endorse positive interpretations and reject negative interpretations.

The study also found that that the word association exercises were successful in helping reframe potentially negative situations. And they can do it on demand. Beard stated that the app could be particularly helpful for individuals who have just been discharged from a treatment program. Beard sees great promise for app-based CBM-I therapy. So, they see how often they jumped to a negative conclusion, and that can be very powerful. Rifkin, Alexandra L. Behavior Therapy , ; 50 3 : DOI: ScienceDaily, 29 May The Elvie Pump has completely revolutionised expressing breast milk!

The pump is wireless and completely silent, the only sound you will hear is the milk trickling into the empty bottle and even that stops once the bottle starts to fill up. A brief update on my healing journey to treat my preverbal PTSD! I have engaged in a few sessions of hypnotherapy, which I found to be a gentle start.

My PTSD-related issues frankly seemed to intimidate the therapist. I realized I wanted to go deeper in a safe environment, and decided to explore additional modalities moving forward. Hypnotherapy may be something I return to in the future as a tool for exploring my internal landscape in relationship to other issues. Seeking talk-free therapy alternatives appropriate to treat preverbal trauma I identified options that may work well and provide a supportive safe setting for a person with preverbal PTSD.

The first will be Rolfing, and I have identified and connected with a therapist to work with. When she returns to my area, appointments will be set and the adventure will unfold. Research related to preverbal trauma is sparse and slow to develop. This, like many medical issues for Warriors, will be impacted by the choices we make.

The study investigators observed that low level of urbanization was associated with a lower risk for depression. Researchers analyzed data from 21, preterm children and 85, full-term children born between and who were included in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database.

The mean ages of the preterm children and full-term children were 9. Evaluation of the study population found that preterm birth was the key risk factor for depression.

The risk of depression among preterm children was 2. Depression rates in full-term children were 0. In female preterm children, incidence of depression was 3 times higher compared with full-term children. Preterm children whose parents had blue-collar occupations had a risk for depression 3.

Preterm children whose parents had occupations other than blue-collar positions had a 6. Our spiritual retreat! By Sally Robertson B. According to the charity, hugging trees, listening to bird song and kicking through leaves are all activities that can boost mental health.

The Trust is urging GPs to prescribe forest bathing for mental health conditions and direct patients to their nearest woodland. Head of innovation at the Woodland Trust, Stuart Dainton, say all family doctors should have the knowledge to point patients towards the nearest suitable woodland where they can absorb nature, informally or as part of a structured program. Stemming from the Japanese art Shinrin-yoku , the practice was devised 40 years ago by the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries as part of an initiative to tackle stress among men.

The activity involves breathing deeply and absorbing the atmosphere of the forest as a way of yielding calming, rejuvenating and restorative effects.

Participants are encouraged to immerse themselves in the environment and take in the sights, sounds, touch and smells of the forest. The therapy, which has become a cornerstone of preventative health care in Japanese medicine, has prompted a number of scientific studies that seem to prove its beneficial effects.

Research mainly conducted in Japan and South Korea, has shown that two hours of time spent mindfully exploring a forest can lower blood pressure, reduce the stress hormone cortisol and improve memory and concentration. Studies have also found that trees release substances called phytoncides, which have anti-microbial properties and can boost the immune system. As a result of these findings, the Japanese government decided to introduce shinrin-yoku as a national health program and now forest therapy is an established practice throughout the world.

An increasing number of companies are now offering structured forest bathing programs that last anything from between a couple of days through to week-long residential stays. The Forestry Commission, which is the largest proprietor of wooded land, has also announced that it plans to launch nationwide programs. In addition, it provides printable recommendations on how to practice the activity, including tips on how to breathe correctly.

Beneficial effects of forest bathing that have been scientifically proven include:. Part of the solution is just getting outside and enjoying nature. Millions of people are affected by mental health problems every year in the U. Statistics on the prevalence and impact of these conditions in the U.

Want to give it a go? They see whatever it is that their heart yearns for. Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a west-coast country of south — central Africa. It is the seventh-largest country in Africa , bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Angola has an exclave province, the province of Cabinda that borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda. The Municipal Administrations are leading the primary healthcare network. Services are free, but very limited in rural areas. Medicinal products are regulated by the National Pricing System. Tendering for medical products is run by the Centralized Medicine Purchase Authority which also distributes medicine.

USAID reported that the Angolan government has not had much success in developing an effective health care system since the end of the year-long Angolan Civil War in Due to lack of infrastructure and rapid urbanization, the government has been unable to promote programs that effectively address some of the basic needs of the people.

Health care is not available in much of the country. Some improvements were made after the end of the Civil War. That number increased after Public spending on health decreased after Census data reported by the CIA reveals that Angola has very few physicians to attend to the medical needs of its population. It is estimated that there are about 0.

Due to the length of the Angolan Civil War, nearly an entire generation of Angolans was not given the opportunity to receive any education. This has led to a dramatic decrease of health workers and added to the poor maternal health problem. By Space in Africa — December 7, In November, Huambo entered the history of telemedicine in Angola, as the first region in the country to have 10 interconnected municipalities, that is, patients who are in a given rural region of the province, where there is no specialized service, may, through telemedicine, conduct medical examinations, consultations or even emergency and emergency interventions without having to travel to the main hospital in urban areas.

All this, according to His Excellency. His Excellencies: Governor of Huambo, Dr. Manuel Homem, and other representatives of the different sectors participated in the event. The project started in Huambo and the next provinces to benefit from the Telemedicine consultations are Moxico and Lunda Sul. The inauguration also counted on the presence of His Excellency, the minister of Telecommunications and Information Technologies, Eng.

Minister of Health, Dr. Pediatric subspecialists, including neonatologists, cardiologists, neurologists and geneticists are available for consultation in cases where newborns are experiencing problems in hospitals that do not have these specialists. Often, as a result of these telemedicine consultations, infants are able to remain in their local hospital, eliminating the need to transport the infant away from their mother, families and community. In , UC Davis neonatologist Dr.

Kristin Hoffman received a national award for her development of a webcam program in the neonatal intensive care unit NICU , which enables parents to see their infants remotely when they are unable to be in the NICU. Could access to telemedicine change these stats? Reuters Health — Telemedicine has been touted as a solution to the dearth of doctors in rural America. But the same places where residents must drive many miles to see a physician often also have limited broadband access, a new study suggests.

And making matters worse, people who live out in the country tend to be older and sicker than their urban counterparts.

And we discovered that in a lot of rural areas, the lack of access to broadband is potentially limiting access to telehealth. Then, to determine access to broadband, the researchers turned to data from the Federal Communications Commission to find out whether people who lived in counties with distant drives to doctors had a way to download data at a speed of at least 25 megabits per second, which is sufficient to support video-based telehealth visits.

Further, in counties where there was inadequate access to primary care physicians and psychiatrists meaning no primary care provider within a minute drive, for example the subscription rate was People often underestimate the broadband access problem, said.

Some older buildings in urban areas present challenges, too, he added. The researchers found that, in counties with inadequate access to primary care physicians and psychiatrists, the broadband subscription rate was Telemedicine — Connecting Doctors. InTouch Health — Published on Aug 29, Telehealth in neonatology allows pediatric specialists to provide virtual care to newborn infants directly in neonatal intensive care units.

Verywell is a proud partner of The Cleveland Clinic , the 2 rated hospital in the U. News and World Report. Lucky you! The best way to be ready for your baby at home is to dedicate some time to care for your baby while still in the NICU. Jonas Salk. The Embrace Care is an affordable infant warmer that uses a phase-changing material to keep premature and underweight babies warm for hours without using electricity.

In the You Tube below we bow to the contributions of the numerous neonatologists globally who have paved the way towards the development and provision of effective treatment for preterm birth babies.

We recognize the late Dr. The Howland Award is the highest award given by the American Pediatric Society and is specifically for those who provide distinguished service to pediatrics as a whole. In the video Dr. Published on Jan 17, An interview with Dr.

A study led by physician researchers at Boston Medical Center has shown that first milk expression within eight hours of giving birth is associated with the highest probability of mothers of very low-birth-weight infants being able to provide milk throughout hospitalization in the neonatal intensive care unit.

However, mothers of very low-birth-rate infants often have challenges making milk. Because of these challenges, lactation support for mothers of very low-birth-weight infants is crucial. However, evidence for this time period is limited.

Mothers who have recently delivered very low-birth-weight infants have a number of competing needs. Our data-driven approach to determining optimal time of first milk expression can help providers balance the need for safe maternal care with effective support to create long-term lactation success.

Margaret G. The researchers used data from 1, mother-baby pairs in nine Massachusetts hospitals. The infants were all very low-birth-weight infants who spent time in the neonatal intensive care unit.

Register Now! Scholarships available. New York Presbyterian Hospital — Loading. Published on Sep 2, First, I would like to provide a bit of historical perspective for your consideration. So we thought it would be a good idea to organize a multispecialty group or committee to evaluate these maternal-infant dyads and have thoughtful conversations with the parents.

We organized a group and began to involve all of the disciplines that were involved in the evaluation of this group of patients. A lot of progress has been made since that time. A lot of what I learned about each clinical condition was initiated when I was presented with a fetus or newborn who I was going to be caring for in the delivery room and in the neonatal intensive care unit NICU.

As a medical student when I had the opportunity to care for newborns with surgical problems, I learned from my supervisory residents and attending surgeons and the neonatologists. I usually did a bedside clinical conference as well, which included the development of the fetus and the anomaly e. I really enjoyed this care, which included discussions with the parents.

This strategy continued during my residency, fellowship and, as an attending neonatologist. Once we are aware of a fetus with a clinical issue and our involvement is required, preparation should begin as soon as possible. At present, there are databases to help give us an idea of the short and long term outcomes of fetuses and newborns we will be involved with caring for and it is important to have this information before having a series of discussions with the parents and colleagues.

What is also clear from my own clinical experience is that each fetus, newborn and family is unique and I think it is best to also approach each clinical situation in this way. This proposal will now be presented to Member States of the 72nd World Health Assembly for consideration and endorsement. The year is significant for WHO in the context of nursing and midwifery strengthening for Universal Health Coverage.

The NursingNow! Nurses and midwives are essential to the achievement for universal health coverage. Strengthening nursing will have the additional benefits of promoting gender equity SDG5 , contributing to economic development SDG8 and supporting other Sustainable Development Goals. Reviewed by John P. I cherish the wisdom of Deepak! He is speaking to us, Warrior Family! Published on Apr 8, Deepak Chopra discusses using technology and apps to keep calm, meditate and de-stress. Talatona TV — Published on Apr 10, At , square kilometres , sq mi , Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe , the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area.

Sweden has a total population of The highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Sweden ranks in the top five countries with respect to low infant mortality. It also ranks high in life expectancy and in safe drinking water. The health care is governed by the 21 landsting of Sweden and is mainly funded by taxes, with nominal fees for patients.

Until the s, doctors estimated the earliest gestational age a baby could be considered viable outside the womb was 28 weeks, Survival rates of extremely preterm infants have improved by leaps and bounds since the s, with US and Swedish studies published this week providing new data on the trend.

Doctors previously estimated the earliest gestational age a baby could be considered viable outside the womb was 28 weeks, when they weigh around 2. Babies are considered premature under the week mark. A Japanese baby who weighed only 9. In those 10 years, Sweden standardized its procedures for neonatal advanced life support: immediate intubation at birth, administration of drugs and a quick transfer to a neonatal intensive care unit NICU.

Nearly 90 percent of deliveries in Sweden now occur in one of six hospitals in the country that have top-level NICUs. For infants younger than 22 weeks, the survival rate has improved from 3. Since the s, there have been three major medical advances in the effort to improve premature infant survival. These techniques are widely available in developed countries, but significant disparities remain—from country to country and even between various hospitals.

In Britain, France and the United States, about half of extremely preterm infants less than 26 or 27 weeks survive, according to studies conducted in the last few years. And the US system is not equivalent to its Swedish counterpart. American health care is rife with inequalities that can play out in the level of antenatal care pregnant women in different demographics receive. But the survival rate is still improving, even in the very rare instance of babies who are born weighing under 14 ounces, the subject of a third JAMA study—focused on US data—published Monday.

Of infants born between 22 and 26 weeks and weighing less than 14 ounces in 21 US hospitals between and , 13 percent survived—one of them weighed only At such a low gestational age, the risk of complications is much higher, as three fourths of children born that early show developmental delays at age two. The meeting will result in a shared understanding of how to strengthen partnerships and improve effective financing of WHO, with an emphasis on predictability and flexibility.

If the world is to meet current and future health challenges, we need to ensure WHO is equipped and supported to be able to lead the global response. Only by coming up with a sustainable model to respond to pressing health threats in all countries will we be able to deliver on the ambition of the SDGs.

Kat and I want to express our humble gratitude, appreciation, respect for the medical community in Cuba, especially ELAM, the largest medical school in the world. However, this week US national security adviser John Bolton went further. He announced the US would allow suits in US courts against foreign investors in Cuba if their investments involve Cuban-American properties nationalized by the Cuban government; cap the dollar amounts of family remittances to Cubans on the island; and further limit already-restricted travel by Americans to Cuba.

William Keck. And Cuban biotech innovations could become a lifeline for US patients suffering an array of conditions, from diabetic foot ulcers to lung cancer. But, despite clear signals that the majority of Cubans and Americans—including Cuban-Americans—favor rapprochement, this administration is bent on undoing it and demonizing Cuba and the Cuban people in the process. This must beg the question: whose interests does this policy shift serve?

Certainly not those of our health, in either country. Domestic violence and preterm birth is an issue that deserves attention. Prevention of preterm birth is our number one goal because prevention is cost effective, humane, critically necessary and achievable. Identifying the diverse causes of preterm birth creates opportunity to develop policies, resources, treatments, interventions and guidelines focused on prevention. Reducing domestic violence is an issue we CAN impact. On the other side, early delivery is associated with an increased risk of maltreatment for infants born prematurely.

Despite this pervasive link between domestic abuse and prematurity, it is rarely acknowledged in prevention education. For our March Collaboratory, we invited researchers, neonatologists and social workers to help us confront this challenging topic and lead a discussion on how we can all come together in the name of prevention. Bear explained that the study was able to shed light on how health issues such as high blood pressure may be the indicator of stress that can be traced back to the violence and the preterm birth.

Shame on Robert Menzies for allowing the Brits to test their atomic bombs in Australia. I once saw a documentary which described how every person in Australia received fallout and how the school milk programme which Menzies introduced in the s delivered caesium to every child who drank the milk.

Merriwa resident Max Kimber, now 78, is one such victim who is still fighting for appropriate compensation from the nuclear tests. Much of his body is covered in skin cancers.

That's what we did. And we watched the mushroom cloud rise up into the air and the cloud creep across the sky for several hours. A few months later, Mr Kimber was back in the area as Fremantle took a team of British scientists to study the effect of the blast on Trimouille Island.

But as they approached the island, Mr Kimber was accidentally knocked into the water. Murray Farquhar created a lot of interest at the time, being young then, I didn't take much notice of the news, but his book could be interesting. Farquhar was convicted and jailed in for his corrupt influence in a fraud case brought against the head of the Australian Rugby League, Kevin Humphreys, During his trial, it became clear that Farquhar had deep roots in the criminal community, including connections to notorious criminals George Freeman and Nick Paltos.

Britain paid less than half, and only after protracted pressure and negotiations. Decades later, we still don't know the full extent of the effects suffered by service personnel and local communities. Despite years of legal wrangling, those communities' suffering has never been properly recognised or compensated. Much has been said in recent days about the achievements of Neville Wran, NSW Premier from until , who died last weekend. From reading the obituaries, you would have no idea what it was like to be in Sydney at the time.

Wran presided over a state in which hundreds of prisoners paid their way out of prison. The police force was routinely corrupt and included detectives who killed people.

Court cases were fixed, key judicial figures mixed with organised crime, and corruption in the property, racing and gambling industries was rife and backed by heavies. At best, Wran resisted reform in these areas. At times, he actively conspired to cover it up. By the time he retired in , his government had an appalling reputation for corruption in the administration of justice, which is why Liberal leader Nick Greiner was in the position to win victory in on an anti-corruption platform, including the establishment of the NSW Independent Commission Against Corruption.

He sent back a message to say he had put them in the bin. I was told that he complained to one of the then owners, James Fairfax, about me. He withdrew state advertising from Fairfax as punishment for its reporting. Wran grew up in Balmain when it was a working class suburb. He was a Balmain Boy who stuck by his mates.

But Balmain Boys change. He lived in the Eastern suburbs rather than in his electorate of Bass Hill. He gave Darling Harbour's ugly Monorail to business mate Peter Abeles and the highly lucrative Lotto licence to racing magnate Robert Sangster and media bosses Rupert Murdoch and Kerry Packer, who was also the godfather of one of his children.

Sorry this is a long post but I found the content rather fascinating. Probably should have as a NSW resident back then. He Wran gave Darling Harbour's ugly Monorail to business mate Peter Abeles and the highly lucrative Lotto licence to racing magnate Robert Sangster and media bosses Rupert Murdoch and Kerry Packer, who was also the godfather of one of his children.

Fascinating toot all the business moguls being fed by the State Govt assett sell-offs. No wonder they all got richer. Henderson Island, a tiny landmass in the eastern South Pacific, has been found by marine scientists to have the highest density of anthropogenic debris recorded anywhere in the world, with I can't believe the amount of rubbish and pollution accumulating in our oceans.

Australian researcher Dr Jennifer Lavers said it meant the island had the highest density of plastic rubbish anywhere in the world. Henderson Island is in an area of the ocean that is rarely traversed and is not near any shipping lanes or fisheries, with no major land-based industrial facilities or cities within 5, kilometres.

From the ABC. On May 17, twenty four brokers signed the Buttonwood Agreement which set a floor commission rate charged to clients and bound the signers to give preference to the other signers in securities sales.

Before the construction of the Tontine Coffee House the brokers of the Buttonwood Agreement and others did trade at the Merchant's Coffee House just across the road. The Tontine Coffee House was built by a group of brokers to serve as a meeting place for trade and correspondence.

Monaco's name comes from the nearby 6th-century BC Phocaean Greek colony. Referred to by the Ligurians as Monoikos. According to an ancient myth, Hercules passed through the Monaco area and turned away the previous gods. As a result, a temple was constructed there, the temple of Hercules Monoikos. It ended up in the hands of the Holy Roman Empire, which gave it to the Genoese.

An ousted branch of a Genoese family, the Grimaldi, contested it for a hundred years before actually gaining control. Though the Republic of Genoa would last until the 19th century, they allowed the Grimaldi family to keep Monaco, and, likewise, both France and Spain left it alone for hundreds of years. France did not annex it until the French Revolution, but after the defeat of Napoleon it was put under the care of the Kingdom of Sardinia.

In the 19th century, when Sardinia became a part of Italy, the region came under French influence again but France allowed it to remain independent. Like France, Monaco was over-run by the Axis powers during the Second World War and for a short time was administered by Italy, then the Third Reich, before finally being liberated. Although the occupation lasted for just a short time, it meant the deportation of the Jewish population and execution of several resistance members from Monaco.

Since then Monaco has been independent. In , the Principality of Monaco became a member of the United Nations, with full voting rights.

Monaco is not formally a part of the EU, but it participates in certain EU policies, including customs and border controls and uses the euro as its sole currency.

Rainier I of Grimaldi, victor of the naval battle at Zierikzee and first sovereign Grimaldi ruler of Monaco. The Antikythera mechanism is an ancient analogue computer and orrery used to predict astronomical positions and eclipses for calendrical and astrological purposes, as well as a four-year cycle of athletic games that was similar to, but not identical to, an Olympiad, the cycle of the ancient Olympic Games.

Found housed in a wooden box, the device is a complex clockwork mechanism composed of at least 30 meshing bronze gears.

Its remains were found as one lump, later separated in three main fragments, which are now divided into 82 separate fragments after conservation works. Four of these fragments contain gears, while inscriptions are found on many others. The artefact was recovered from the Antikythera shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera. Believed to have been designed and constructed by Greek scientists, the instrument has been variously dated to about 87 BC, or between and BC, or in BC, or within a generation before the date of the shipwreck in about 60 B.

It provides emergency and primary health care services for those living in rural, remote and regional areas of Australia. It is a not-for-profit organisation which provides health care to people who cannot access a hospital or general practice due to the vast distances of the Outback. Reverend John Flynn had worked in rural and remote areas of Victoria and was commissioned by the Presbyterian Church to look at the needs of Outback people.

This photo of VH-UER shows a stretcher-patient accommodated under the large hatch between the pilot's cockpit and the engine. The pedal radio radio was another key invention that allowed aerial medicine to expand into the outback. Fred McKay later succeeded the Rev. John Flynn in administering the Australian Inland Mission. Factories and mines were also either damaged or destroyed. An estimated 1, civilians drowned: about Germans and 1, mainly Soviet forced-labourers.

The damage was mitigated by rapid repairs by the Germans, but production did not return to normal until September. Barnes Wallis and others watch a practice Upkeep bomb strike the shoreline at Reculver, Kent. Robert William "Bob" Bellear — was an Australian social activist, lawyer and judge.

He was the first Indigenous Australian to become a judge. Bellear was born in the far north-east of New South Wales, and grew up near the town of Mullumbimby. His grandfather was a Vanuatuan man who was blackbirded to Australia to work on a sugar plantation, and his grandmother was an Aboriginal Australian woman from Minjerribah Stradbroke Island in Queensland.

His other grandfather had been blackbirded from the Solomon Islands. Bellear was one of nine children. He left school early, but could not get a job.

Instead, he joined the Royal Australian Navy, where he was trained in mechanical engineering and clearance diving. He was a successful rugby union player for the Navy's representative side.

He was the first Indigenous person to achieve the rank of Petty Officer. Bellear left the Navy in , with several qualifications. For some time Bellear lived in Redfern with his wife Kaye Williams, whom he had met while in the Navy. Bellear would regularly see the patterns of intimidation and harassment practised against the Aboriginal community in Redfern. In , Bellear decided that he would study law. He was admitted to the New South Wales Bar in Why is Monaco a country?

The House of Grimaldi, the clan that seized control of Monaco in , adroitly played Italy, France and Spain against one another over the centuries and remained sovereign -- to a degree.

Tourism and gambling, with the kind of gamblers who arrive by yacht, were long the mainstays of the economy. Rainier's great-grandfather, Charles III, started the first of the gambling casinos in the section now known as Monte Carlo in , and the prince is the major shareholder in the company that controls them. Rainier faced a crisis in , when Charles de Gaulle grew fed up with French citizens' taking residence in Monaco to avoid paying income tax.

He threatened to isolate the principality and cut off its supply of French francs, the principality's currency until the advent of the euro. In , Rainier agreed to a treaty that decreed that the French citizens who live in Monaco have to pay income tax to Paris. Thanks RnR for another fascinating read. I think 52 permanent NSW judges in the Supreme Court is overkill, surely we don't need that many, jobs for the boys I guess.

Just reading aboug Judge Bellear, in his later life he was diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma, contracted during his time with the Royal Australian Navy, when as an apprentice engineer, he was exposed to asbestos fibers.

We had a friend who died of this, it was a shocking way to die, those bastards, some people still have James Hardie shares. Charles Ponzi certainly has a lot to answer for. So many have followed in his footsteps. The Grimaldis have certainly succeeded in their various enterprises over the centuries. Fred McKay sitting on an Arnotts biscuit tin to use the pedal-powered radio.

Fascinating read about this boke Michael Smith RnR he seems to have a big following. Following on from the article, I found this in the Australian dated 17th March Mr Blewitt was interviewed by detectives in Perth earlier this month. Victoria Police referred the case to their WA counterparts last year, four years after opening the file.

The man, who currently resides in Malaysia, has been granted bail. Mr Heydon found Ms Gillard was duped by her then boyfriend but did not commit any crime. Bypassing a best man, Smith, 49, left the tributes to close mate Senator Barnaby Joyce , who gave a rousing rendition of the poem Fair Dinkum Love.

Fair dinkum love is not about romance or image or success. Fair dinkum love is about two average people adoring and accepting each other for who they are. Kim Cockerell. Re Slush funds, rorting, fraud, cover-ups and misappropriating funds Or similar search for fraud.

He wants Turks in other countries like the Netherlands to vote as well, and to secure their vote, he sent out government officials to convince the Dutch Turks to give him the vote.

Erdogan threatened the Dutch government and sent his representative a woman anyway. The Dutch authorities told them she would be denied entry at the airport so they went to Germany and travelled by car. Dutch intelligence got word of this, went to intercept them, but they sent multiple convoys as decoys, and she got through all the way to the Turkish embassy in Rotterdam the other side of the country.

She finally got stopped in the city itself, police surrounded her car to prevent her from entering the embassy or consulate , so she sent out her body guards to intimidate the Dutch police.

Police responded by requesting the swat teams, and with that we arrived at this picture. There were a lot of Turks already assembled and even though she was forbidden to do so, she tried to talk to them anyway and the entire thing turned into a riot circus.

In the end she was forced back to Germany under police escort. Mission accomplished, Turkey knew very well what would happen, forced the issue anyway, and afterwards got to play the victim card, calling the Dutch Nazis.

That's quite bizarre Toot. We've certainly got some very strange and dangerous world leaders at the moment. It started as a widespread pilgrimage of western Christendom and ended as a military expedition by Roman Catholic Europe to regain the Holy Land taken in the Muslim conquests of the Levant — , ultimately resulting in the capture of Jerusalem in The Seven Years' War was a war fought between and , the main conflict occurring in the seven-year period from to It involved every European great power of the time except the Ottoman Empire and spanned five continents, affecting Europe, the Americas, West Africa, India, and the Philippines.

The conflict split Europe into two coalitions, led by the Kingdom of Great Britain inc. Meanwhile, in India, the Mughal Empire, with the support of the French, tried to crush a British attempt to conquer Bengal. John Bellingham c. This murder is the only assassination of a British Prime Minister. After taking a friend's family to a painting exhibition on 11 May , Bellingham remarked that he had some business to attend to.

He made his way to Parliament, where he waited in the lobby. John Bellingham was tried on Friday 15 May at the Old Bailey, where he argued that he would have preferred to shoot the British Ambassador to Russia, but insisted as a wronged man he was justified in killing the representative of his oppressors. Apollo 10 was the fourth manned mission in the United States Apollo space program, and the second after Apollo 8 to orbit the Moon. Launched on May 18, , it was the F mission: a "dress rehearsal" for the first Moon landing, testing all of the components and procedures, just short of actually landing.

The Lunar Module followed a descent orbit to within 8. Its success enabled the first landing to be attempted on the Apollo 11 mission two months later. Only Sir Robert Menzies has served in the position longer. John Howard was the fourth son of Mona and Lyall Howard. His parents were married in Howard was born and raised in the Sydney suburb of Earlwood, in a Methodist family. His mother had been an office worker until her marriage. They also ran two Dulwich Hill petrol stations where John Howard worked as a boy.

Lyall Howard died in when John was sixteen, leaving his mother to take care of John or "Jack" as he was also known. Howard suffered a hearing impairment in his youth, leaving him with a slight speech impediment, and he continues to wear a hearing aid. Howard married fellow Liberal Party member Janette Parker in , with whom he had three children.

Mount St. On March 20, , Mount St. Helens experienced a magnitude 4. By the end of April, the north side of the mountain had started to bulge. On May 18, a second earthquake, of magnitude 5. His father Lyall Howard's maternal great-great-grandfather William Tooley was convicted of complicity in the theft of a tortoiseshell watch and transported for life on the Fanny in His mother's maternal ancestry also began in Australia through a convict forebear — Thomas Barker who was transported for life after being convicted of two counts of robbery, arriving on the Bengal Merchant in Speaking of convicts and yeserday's conversation about fraud and the misappropriation of funds His son, Adam Cranston, 30, was arrested at his flat in Bondi during raids yesterday and has been charged with conspiracy to defraud the Commonwealth.

In all, nine people were arrested in Sydney yesterday as the AFP carried out 28 raids. At a press conference in Sydney today, officials said Michael Cranston could have been unwittingly involved in his son's alleged crimes.

Acting commissioner of taxation Andrew Mills said two other ATO employees had been suspended while the organisation carried out an internal examination of what occurred. Michael Cranston will be charged with abusing his position as a public official relating to the fraud, although he is not believed to be a conspirator. Sounds like Family business to me Of course he would say that. Catherine is 13 and Arthur is President John F. The highlight is Marilyn Monroe 's rendition of "Happy Birthday".

Catherine was three years old when she was betrothed to Arthur. The two were married by proxy on 19 May and corresponded in Latin until Arthur turned fifteen, when it was decided that they were old enough to be married. They married in , but Arthur died five months later on 2 April She was 23 years of age.

The king was just days short of his 18th birthday. During his marriage to Catherine , Henry conducted an affair with Mary Boleyn, Catherine's lady-in-waiting and became enamoured of her sister, Anne. In , Henry married Anne Boleyn in a secret ceremony. On 28 May , Cranmer declared the marriage of Henry and Anne to be valid. Catherine was formally stripped of her title as queen, becoming instead "princess dowager" as the widow of Arthur. In she was transferred to Kimbolton Castle.

There, she confined herself to one room which she left only to attend Mass , dressed only in the hair shirt of the Order of St. Francis, and fasted continuously. Henry offered both mother and daughter better quarters and permission to see each other if they would acknowledge Anne Boleyn as the new queen. Both refused. Catherine died at Kimbolton Castle on 7 January Her half-brother, Edward VI, ruled until his death in at age of 15 from a lung infection, bequeathing the crown to Lady Jane Grey and ignoring the claims of his two half-sisters, Elizabeth and the Roman Catholic Mary, in spite of statute law to the contrary.

Edward's will was set aside and Mary became queen, deposing Lady Jane Grey. During Mary's reign, Elizabeth was imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels. Elizabeth I in her coronation robes, patterned with Tudor roses and trimmed with ermine. Elizabeth's first policy toward Scotland was to oppose the French presence there. She feared that the French planned to invade England and put Mary, Queen of Scots, who was considered by many to be the heir to the English crown, on the throne.

After her abdication, Mary fled to England where she had once been assured of support from Elizabeth. Elizabeth's first instinct was to restore her fellow monarch; but she and her council instead chose to play safe. Rather than risk returning Mary to Scotland with an English army or sending her to France and the Catholic enemies of England, they detained her in England, where she was imprisoned for the next nineteen years.

She was the first Australian to achieve international recognition as a classical musician. She took the pseudonym "Melba" from Melbourne, her home town. Melba was born in Richmond, Victoria, the eldest of seven children of successful builder David Mitchell and his wife Isabella.

Melba was taught to play the piano and first sang in public around age six. In her teens, Melba continued to perform in amateur concerts in and around Melbourne, and she played the organ at church. Melba soon became popular in Mackay society for her singing and piano-playing. Following the breakdown of an unsuccessful marriage, Melba returned to Melbourne determined to pursue a singing career, debuting professionally in concerts in She went to Paris to study with the leading teacher Mathilde Marchesi.

By she was an established leading star in Britain and America. Melba made her first return visit to Australia in —03 for a concert tour, also touring in New Zealand. Approved for production shortly following the Empire of Japan's entry into the Second World War, the Boomerang was rapidly designed as to meet the urgent demands for fighter aircraft to equip the Royal Australian Air Force.

The type holds the distinction of being the first combat aircraft to be both designed and constructed in Australia.

We set off from Castlemaine on a glorious afternoon : three enthusiastic, intrepid activists on a journey into the heart of darkness. We are not alone. Bob Brown is leading an entourage of cars from Hobart to the Galilee Basin, Central Queensland, some 2, kilometres away, where Guatum Adani would dearly love to put the biggest coal mine in the world.

We stop every night at some big town or city. The next morning we have a rally and Bob gives a passionate speech and the local activists and blackfellas give us a rousing send-off.

We spend the first night on the banks of the mighty Murray River, then back on the road, driving, driving driving further and further from our beloved Victoria, homeland of greenies, lefties and progressive types, into the unknown.

Kim Loo from Doctors for Climate health speaks to us all about the terrible health effects of breathing coal combined with the terrible health effects of excessive heat: a deadly combination. Adrian Burragubba from the Wangan and Jagalingou peoples explains the situation from thier perspective. His homeland is right on top of the mine site in Central Queensland.

Adrian is an angry man, and rightly so. He describes Mr. Adani as criminal and an environmental vandal. We roar with applause and pledge to never let the mine go ahead.

In Mulumbimby the whole town turns up: 3, chanting, singing dancing joyous hippies give us cheer and boost our moral. The people line the streets to send us off, hooting and tooting. Six silent and gleaming Teslas have pride of place with Bob in the first car, smiling and waving like the Pope, followed by the motley crew: cars in convoy, an awesome sight.

We are in a Prius so are feeling virtuous. In Brisbane we march on Adani Headquarters and shake our fists at the empty windows.

The notorious Queensland cops try to look their sternest and soon move us off the road. We acquiesce meekly as Bob has instructed. The whole country is watching. The Murdoch Press is poised ready to pounce. We arrive at a beachside hamlet called Emu Park, just outside Rockhampton Bogan Central , to an enthusiastic welcome from a phalanx of coal miners: big, burly fellas and a smattering of big, burly shielas, high-vis vests covered in black coal dust.

Wow, this is pretty authentic. We are agog and aghast. They are milling about in an agitated state. They are cross, very cross, and we, it seems, are the cause. We lock horns, deploying our superior knowledge and sense of righteousness. We point out their foolishness in resisting the inevitable demise of their beloved industry.

We assure them sincerely that we empathize with their worries for their families and livelihoods, but they show no signs of being impressed. In fact they tell us to fuck off. We mine coal. Now turn around and go back to where you came from. We then have a lantern parade. A bridge too far, maybe? As the miners leave they let us know they will be waiting for us when we get to Clermont, the little town in the Galilee Basin that is our destination.

They warn us we will be shunned by the town, but our friend and comrade Adrian Burragubba assures us his mob will welcome us with open arms. His family has lived in Clermont for generations, and countless generations before it was called Clermont. As the setting sun sets we gather for a gathering. But tonight for the first time we are having a party: singing, dancing, and the drinking of wine to nourish our sense of solidarity, for soon we must leave this idyllic coast behind and head out west, into the belly of the beast.

Finally, after ten days on the road, we arrive at our destination: the little town of Clermont, in the heart of what the local white folks like to call Coal Country, but it is actually Wagan and Jagalingou country. We run a gauntlet of coal miners yelling abuse at us, but the cops are there to protect us.

A welcome change to be on the other side of the barricades for once. Apparently the local pub has given them all free beer to give them courage. Bob Brown comments that is quite disrespectful to Bob Katter. So here we are all gathered together at the Clermont Showgrounds. A motley crew of over vehicles. It is such a relief to sleep in and not have to get up and drive all bloody day. The Wangas put on a bonza show, with heaps of singing and dancing.

They even teach the whitefellas how to dance blackfella style. Very amusing! There are people with little kids in the middle of the space so it is actually very dangerous and quite irresponsible. After a couple of circuits he heads for the exit but a daft woman decides it would be a good idea to close the gate on him.

Dumb idea! The horse hits the gate and knocks her unconscious, then gallops off into the distance. The poor woman has to be airlifted to Mackay for tests, but she is okay.

Apparently the wild colonial boy is none too bright and has been egged on by the evil triumvirate having the love-in at the hotel see previous epistle. After that episode we need a drink to settle our nerves, but neither the bottlo nor the pub will have a bar of us. I must admit I am shocked. I have never had such an ugly reception anywhere else in Australia. So we are pretty glad to get out of Clermont unscathed. Fortunately, the locals are happy enough to sell us petrol to help us on our way.

At this point the convoy and I part ways. Adani himself. To get there we must pass thru enemy territory. There are over sixty coal mines in the Bowen Basin. The road wends its way between humongos muluck heaps, piles of coal, and holes in the ground, for hours on end. Coober Pedy on steroids. Camp Binbee is set amongst picturesque rolling hills and exquisitely beautiful grassy woodlands. Such a relief to arrive in a friendly spot and stop moving. We have definitely landed on our feet.

These people are bloody well organized. The place is run like a Sandinista guerrilla camp in the Nicaraguan jungle. First, pick a spot out in the woods. Put up your tarp, lay down your swag. Home sweet home!

Welcome to Tarp Town. Hark, the dong of the gong. Every morning we have a meeting, an opportunity to choose which task we shall undertake that day: cooking, washing up, cleaning, feeding the chooks.

Then we get to decide what workshops we want to do: Non Violent Direct Action training, media, banner making, abseiling, composting, ecology, whatever anyone feels like teaching.

After a very intense day we gather around the campfire and sing daggy songs we have made up about Adani. The camp could be a model for harmonious coexistence. We share all the urksome tasks, we share the bicycles, we share the cars. There is a garden laden with tropical fruit. There are chooks who seem content to share their bountiful produce, though the vegans may dispute that.

We even have a choice of toilets: squatting or sitting. Everyone seems to go out of their way to make everyone else feel welcome. I think this place brings out the very best in people. It is really significant that we are all there for a purpose, and that purpose makes all our grievances pale into insignificance. I have come to believe that a meaningful purpose is a key ingredient for harmonious coexistence. It is not about ironing out every little issue, it is about doing something so exciting that niggling problems pale into insignificance.

After only one day of rest, we are thrown into a full day of feverish activity turning ourselves into sea creatures from The Barrier Reef. We retire weary to our tarpaulin homes to sleep thru the screeching owls and the eerie cries of the curlews. At the break of dawn we spring into action. Everyone knows their allotted task. We drive in convoy to Abbot Point, hoping eight cars in convoy will not arouse suspicion.

We block off the road with tape and courteously advise the approaching drivers to park their cars and await further instructions. They dutifully comply, as if we are government employees.

Power to the people!

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