Log cabin shingle roofs pegs-Log Cabin Glossary Defines Common Terms

Southlake's log house is surrounded by colorful signs that illustrate the theme "Home Sweat Home. Look for the water tower; the log house is nearby. Also interesting is that the house sits next to Bunker Hill, which settlers used as a lookout point, and Blossom Prairie, where wagon trains heading west camped. At the end of this file, read the Log House Blog detailing the building of the log house. After being stored under tarps for up to 10 years, some of the logs had deteriorated, so no one building could be reconstructed in full.

Log cabin shingle roofs pegs

Log cabin shingle roofs pegs

After choosing logs that are in the peggs shape, he will puzzle Log cabin shingle roofs pegs a house approximately 14x14 feet. Can be placed while the concrete is still wet or drilled and epoxied in place later. CISD pdgs are in the process of visiting the house. And Bill has finished the rock steps leading to the front porch. Interpretive signs are being prepared. Outdoor activities will be held for fourth-graders who are studying Texas history, and festivals will be a fun way to learn history.

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This log cabin glossary contains many of the words and phrases you will encounter as you explore building your log home. ADZE -- Similar to an axe, except the blade is horizontal and may be slightly cupped.

Alternative is kiln-dried lumber. Can be placed while the concrete is still wet or drilled and epoxied in place later. An illness like Mesothelioma, a cancer of the lungs, is caused by breathing it in. BACKER ROD -- Foam filler or backing used in caulking or chinking to reduce the amount of sealant necessary, also serves as an expansion joint so the caulk is not pulled away from the log. Looks like a birds mouth from the side. One BTU is the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit.

Used in heating, ventilation and air conditioning HVAC industry. The corners alternate as they progress upward. DRAW BORING -- A type of joinery where the holds in a mortise-and-tenon joint are deliberately drilled slightly out of alignment so that they are drawn tighter together as a peg is inserted and driven home.

It is used by drawing it along a log to peel the bark or shave it down. Actually a misnomer since the fungi that cause the damage require moisture.

DUTCHMAN -- A patch concealing a wood blemish or error, by carefully removing a section of wood and inserting another with matching color and wood grain. FLASHING -- Waterproof material used to protect joints or materials from moisture, used around windows and doors, around chimneys, where roofs intersect and along the inner edge of decks and porches. FLUE -- The chimney or duct used to direct exhaust gases from a fireplace, water heater, furnace or boiler to the outside.

FROE -- Tool used to split shakes and shingles along the grain. Can also refer to the process of leveling the ground or to categorizing wood. Sometimes some of the inner or cambium layer is left, called skip-peeling. HIP -- The external angle formed by the junction of two sloping sides of a roof, as opposed to a valley.

For example, a stick-framed house may use log siding to mimic a log cabin, or use elements of timber framing's exposed beams. It has a cross-section shape looks like the capital letter I. Cross-section shape looks like the capital letter I. JACK-WRAP -- Decorative metal often copper trim collar around the base of logs and posts, used to conceal screw jacks while still offering access to the screw jacks for adjustment.

LAG BOLT -- A large metal fastener with a hex head and screw threads that drive it into the wood, as opposed to bolt threads which tighten with a nut; should technically be called a lag screw. No drilling is necessary. The fiber saturation point at which wood shrinkage begins is about 28 percent moisture content. NOTCH -- An angle or divot cut into a log, especially used at corners to interlock them for strength and weather-resistance. Traditionally used in shipbuilding for caulking the joints of timbers in wooden vessels and for wooden deck planking.

It is the ratio of the rise to the span. Often used interchangeably with slope but this is incorrect. PLATES -- Horizontal framing member or members of a wall, either on top often doubled or bottom, to which the studs attach.

Example: A "D" log is round on the outside and flat on the inside. Installed near the bottom of the rafter, it provides resistance against wall spread.

Often joists act as rafter ties. Saw marks often show on face and lumber is oversize from standard. The higher the number the greater the insulating capability. Also known as saddle cope or round notch. Usually cut on an angle, can also be notched or stepped. It is rise in inches over run of 12 inches. Often erroneously used interchangeably with pitch. It is shorthand for the amount of roofing needed to cover sq.

Can be used for floors, roofs and walls. Often a builder will subordinate a lot on which to build a spec cabin. This means that the builder does not have to pay for the lot until the cabin is sold or generally after a year, whichever comes first , but can still use the sellers equity to use as collateral for obtaining construction financing. TENON -- An extension at the end of a piece of timber or log cut to fit into an accommodating, same-size mortise.

A tenon can be round, square or rectangular. Used to strengthen and reinforce the log wall. If it extends past the mortise it may be a tusk tenon. A tie beam resists the outward push on a wall from the weight above it, such as upper floors or roof.

A trunnel is a large wooden peg or dowel used to secure two pieces of wood together. Often used in timber-framing to hold joints. A shim or wedge is then used to wedge the tusk joint in place. It is the inverse of R-Value. The lower the number the greater the insulation capability. Enjoyed this page? Check out our Facebook page :. We use affiliates and ads. No cost to you. Click for FTC disclosure.

Check out our Cabin Shop! Advertise on Log Cabin Connection. Cabin interior design combines layout and functional design with aesthetic cabin decorating decisions for the perfect log cabin interior. This log cabin glossary defines and explains many common terms encountered when researching log homes and cabins.

Log cabin kits are a convenient way to buy a log cabin ready to be assembled. Virtual Library Virtual library offers an array of resources for log home enthusiasts. Site Build It! Build a successful online business with SBI. Comments Have your say about what you just read!

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Log cabin shingle roofs pegs

Log cabin shingle roofs pegs. The Right Style

For the pioneers, building a log cabin was not just a cool project that you took on for the fun of it. You had to know how to build your own home because there was no one else to build it for you. Below, we will discuss the basics of building a log cabin. However, I would read this report first, as we will cover things, from experience, that others may not.

Back in the day of the settlers, the log cabin we are speaking of was their home. Sure, you can get by without a few of these items. There are other basic tools that you and everyone should have, such as a tape measure, a hammer and a hand saw, just to name a few. Get a plan. They can be found at many local libraries and also online.

On your land, face your door true south. There are three big reasons for this: A The southern sun will warm and light your home if you have windows there. Pick your wood. Here, you can go with many different types of trees for your cabin logs, but two of the best are spruce and tamarack, while pine, too, can be used. If you can, forage your timber in the winter and let it set for two years before you build.

Winter harvesting will allow it to dry slower at first. This, along with two years of seasoning, will minimize checking and cracking. Go for trees that are 8 to 10 inches in diameter and have the lowest degree of taper that you can find. Debark your logs when they are fresh. You can debark them where you fell them or haul them first to the building site before cleaning them up. But, hauling them with your log hauler first leaves them looking better, as the bark protects the wood hauling.

Build your foundation and set your sill logs. Then, build stone walls in rows at 4- or 6-foot intervals all across the prepared and packed dirt within your outer walls. These will allow you to lay your girders on the full length of them and give you anchors for your flooring. Others just tell you to use small support pillars. But, that means you have to hit those pillars spot on with your flooring.

Pro tip: Leave a 3-foot section of each girder support wall open and unbuilt. Cut your girders flat on top to get a wider spot for your subflooring to nail to. This can be done with your adze or with the crosscut saw. The adze is faster, and since it is subflooring no one will see it anyway. Erect your walls. A lot of cabin builders will number their logs on how they see them going up on the walls. We are here to tell you that the best laid plans of mice and men sometimes go awry. Instead, cut your grove in the bottom of the next log before you seat it.

This will prevent any accumulation of water, dirt and debris, as all your grooves are facing downwards. Just roll them together, scribe them and notch them. When they look good, refit them, scribe any areas that need better fitting and broad axe the notch into that perfect fit. With your log in place, drill your hole for your alignment corner pin.

Tap in your alignment pin and prep for the next log. Drill them about a foot inward of your notches. The reason: The wood at the notch is thin. Build your fireplace. Visit our article on how to build a mountain or river rock fireplace here. We'd call an equivalent here a bush hut. Avondale87 Tasmania Subscribing Member. Joined Apr 20, Messages Location Tasmania. Hi, Americans call them Log Cabins Probably whatever straight trees are available.

Bushboy Mu Top Veteran. This is my place Joined Feb 25, Messages 1, Americans call them log cabins. Santa Super Moderator Subscribing Member. OldRex Mu Regular. Home by the Sea. View attachment Crdome said:. Is the box shape on left part of building? Looks very interesting. You must log in or register to reply here. Latest posts. Guess the Location! Latest: alan 16 minutes ago. Other Genres. Latest: drd 25 minutes ago.

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s Log House, Southlake History | Southlake Historical Society

Southlake's log house is surrounded by colorful signs that illustrate the theme "Home Sweat Home. Look for the water tower; the log house is nearby. Also interesting is that the house sits next to Bunker Hill, which settlers used as a lookout point, and Blossom Prairie, where wagon trains heading west camped. At the end of this file, read the Log House Blog detailing the building of the log house. After being stored under tarps for up to 10 years, some of the logs had deteriorated, so no one building could be reconstructed in full.

Restoration expert Bill Marquis of Denton County handmade replacement rafters, shingles, flooring, and window and door trim, then put all the parts together. No lumber-yard materials were used. Red sandstone for the fireplace also came from Southlake.

Wall logs are post oak, as are the rafters and shingles. The flooring is bur oak, and the shutters and doors are pecan. The red clay between the logs is local and what pioneers living here would have used. This single-pen one room log house represents a popular style. The city of Southlake owns the log house. Because of city regulations, it is built to code, a concept that would have left a pioneer — who judged for himself whether his house was sturdy — scratching his head.

Behind it is Bunker Hill, once considered the highest point in the area it was lowered some when the park was built. Travelers, settlers and perhaps Indians used Bunker Hill as a lookout point. After the travelers rested, the wagons would again line up single file and head west, for a while traveling somewhat along a route that would later become Texas For those who found a place to settle, building a log house took muscle.

After finding straight trees as tall as 14 of 15 feet, a settler had to chop them down, hack off the bark and make the sides flat.

Oxen or mules pulled the logs to the home site, which was prepared by clearing away trees, brambles and rocks. When notched, logs are placed on top of each other and the corners are fitted together, thus held together without nails. With help from neighbors, sill logs were laid across the front and back and joined with wall logs to form a square. Then the four sides were built eight logs high.

Next, doors and windows were cut, and wooden pegs were used to secure hinges and trim. Rafters made of poles were secured with pegs. Split-wood shingles and boards used at the peak ends of the roof were made by hand. By the s, times had changed. Sometimes people covered their log home with board siding, and years later after the original owners had died, the log house would be rediscovered. Take a trip out to the log house to look around and discover for yourself how cool a log house is.

When settlers arrived at a new home, they might quickly build a crude structure of stacked logs with the bark still on, called a cabin.

A good example of a cabin is the replica claims office for the Peters Colony, located in the Farmers Branch Historical Park interestingly, Bill Marquis built it from scratch. It has walls that are round logs with bark, a dirt floor, a simpler kind of notching called saddle notching, and no windows, just several gun ports. Notching is the way the logs are cut to fit together at the corners of the structure, like Lincoln Logs.

That means each side of the log was made flat with the use of a hand adze or, possibly, a falling or felling ax and a broad ax. The adze or ax is what made the "chopping" marks you see on the logs. Sometimes men skilled in building houses could be hired to lay the sills and build up the walls — or whatever the settler was unable to do himself.

Read on for some frequently asked questions about the log house. A: Our house is a combination of three log structures that stood in what's-now Southlake.

Because the dismantled houses were stored under tarps for up to 10 years, some of the logs had deteriorated. Bill Marquis, a restoration expert who rebuilt the house, believes the structures were built in the s, and the log house he has restored is representative of that time. For many years, the house had been used as a barn. That log house was donated to us by Mr. Lemoyne Wright. The second log house stood until the s near where Central Market is now located.

The third log structure was used for years as a barn but originally may have been a house. Air couldn't circulate well around the house, the logs could rot, wet weather could cause moisture to seep in, and bugs and snakes could get in. The "hewn," or squared off, stone you can see under the front porch came from an s log house that stood until the mids near what is now DSW Shoes, in the Central Market shopping area.

It's said it was lived in until the s. A: In early Texas, a variety of chimney types were made. Some were stick-and-mud, such as one you can visit at the Lake Lewisville Environmental Learning Center. Others were rock mortared with mud. Ours is red sandstone mortared with what pioneers would have called lime mortar, which is processed limestone "lime" , sand and water, the ingredients of cement.

Craftsmen and entrepreneurs were among the settlers who began streaming into the North Texas area beginning in the early s. Lime kilns to process limestone were established in both Denton and Tarrant counties. Hickory trees, once plentiful in Denton County, were cut to make charcoal, which was used to fire kilns for lime and pottery.

A: Glass, as you can imagine, was difficult to transport over the many bumpy miles that pioneers had to travel to reach Texas. Glass was a luxury at a time when pioneers needed so many other things. In keeping with the s time period, our log house will not have glass, just shutters that open wide to let breezes in.

By the way, glass made in the s was hardened with potato starch, which caused bubbles to form. It wasn't very clear. Today, a factory in the Northeast makes this glass once a year for inclusion in historical projects. A: The wall logs, cut and hewn in the s, are post oak, as are the rafters and shingles, which were fashioned as part of the restoration.

Bur oak is used for the flooring, and bois d'arc is used for the posts in both the front and back porches. The shutters and doors are pecan. A: Pioneers had several ways to make shingles.

One involves using a froe and mallet to split shingles out of a upright log. Shingles were also cut with a pit saw that was laid over a hole in the ground. That gave the men using it the leverage they needed to make even cuts. An older person might want to sleep on a one-legged Texas bed pegged onto the wall in three places, it only needed one leg for support , which because the person slept sitting up was thought to keep respiratory illnesses at bay.

Children might sleep in an attic or on pallets spread by the fire. A: Bill tells us he's never seen a log cabin or house that has been damaged by termites. He says that's because pioneers knew to cut the logs during the "dark of the moon," a few days before the new moon.

Old-growth timber also tended to have fewer knots and structural defects. That kind of wood, says people today, dried "hard as steel. The city has hired Bill Marquis of Denton County, a highly skilled and respected restorer, to rebuild the log house. City workers have moved the logs to Bill's farm.

After choosing logs that are in the best shape, he will puzzle together a house approximately 14x14 feet. Bill is taking into account each log's condition, length and corner notching. If important logs such as the sills are missing or in poor condition, Bill will substitute post oak logs he had cut and hewn himself.

Bill will then rebuild the structure on a rock pillar foundation, adding doors, windows, a roof, a floor, a porch and a fireplace. It was thrilling to see his progress. Logs: The corners in the rebuilt log house are primarily half-dovetail notching with few square notches also called quarter notching.

The logs Bill chose will fit together into a structure that is by feet a revision in what he originally thought the size would be.

The doors and porches: The house has front and back doors. The front porch extends out eight feet, and the back porch sometimes called a shed is a deep overhang with steps that can be moved so pioneers could pull up a wagon for loading and unloading.

Families often "washed up" on the back porch, and performed many of the endless tasks that were needed for survival, such as skinning animals, drying the skins, preparing food, etc. The windows: There are five windows: one on each side of the two doors, and a smaller one next to the fireplace "to pass firewood through".

What's next? Bill will bring the reconstructed logs to the site and begin reassembling them, then add the floor, a roof, a stone fireplace, front and back porches, door and window frames and a beautiful bois d'arc fireplace mantle. Foundation rocks that were part of the log house that stood at Carroll and FM until the s and was said to have been lived in until the s were used in the rebuilt log house.

City workers are busy preparing the site, which is near the water tower and visible from White's Chapel Boulevard. By the time of our March 8 program, Bill had reconstructed the house's "skeleton" at Bicentennial Park. Visit the park and take a look. Especially-sturdy beams called sills run along the front and back see where Bill repaired the back sill with handmade wooden pegs. Perpendicular to the sills, along the sides, are first wall logs, lap-jointed into the sills. Stacked on top of the sills and first wall logs are hewn logs joined at the corners by notching.

In all, the cabin is a traditional nine logs high. Openings were left for two doors, five windows and a fireplace. The one next to the fireplace is to pass firewood through.

Log cabin shingle roofs pegs

Log cabin shingle roofs pegs