It is known for its former role as a center of shipbuilding. The population was 3, at the census. The central village areas of Essex and South Essex make up the census-designated place of Essex. Essex was incorporated as a town in It was previously a part of the town of Ipswich and was then called Chebacco Parish.
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Owners of this house report that the structure first belonged to Anthony Bennett. All former county functions were Essex ma century by state agencies in The American Dream personified. The median age was 40 years. Roughly hewn beams and a center Essex ma century Esex indicate the above date. The earliest deed reference is dated for the Interatioal wife swapping stories, but because the house has so many 18th century characteristics, it is thought that it may have been moved here. The house is probably a first period house. The Exercise Conant House is the First Period, northern ell of the two-and-a-half story, five-bay Georgian house built by the Reverend John Chipman House, which has a dentilled cornice and an original fine Second-Period, central doorway with fluted pilasters and a broken-arch pediment with pineapple finial in the center. Lewis and in by Gregory. Considering the preservation rate of redundant barns, the Howe barn may owe its survival to its conversion to a house. A second ell of 2 stories and a screened porch were added to the rear, very likely in conjunction with use mma the building in the 20th century as the club house for the Labor-in-Vain country club.
Saturday October 5th was a great day of Base Ball.
- This richly illustrated and highly detailed book describes how settlers in the new world drew from architectural techniques used in their native England.
- Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U.
Saturday October 5th was a great day of Base Ball. In game 1 The Rockingham defeated the Live Oaks in a close back and forth affair. In Game 2 Lowell defeated the Clamdiggers behind strong hitting and solid defense. In the championship Lowell continued its dominance with a win over the Rockinghams. In the 7th Lowell broke the game open scoring 9 runs in the inning. This is back to back championships for the Lowell Nine. We would like to thank all of those who donated money and art supplies to the event.
Thank you to all of the players who made the season happen and worked so hard to raise so much money for this final event. There are so many others that make this organization work. We as an organization look forward to the offseason and preparing for even better things in But art can help. Like so many parents, one of our own Essex Base Ball Club players, Brian Pecci, knows firsthand what having a child in the hospital is like.
Thank you for helping us remember our mother, Jan, in such a personal and special way. Donate a few art supplies when you come to Spencer-Peirce Little Farm! Come join the excitement of our final event of the season while helping raise money for cancer research and other local non-profits!
The fall event is fun for families and people of all ages! As the sun came out so did the crowd who settled in to watch three great ball games with all four league teams competing on this day. However the defending league champions would not go down that easily and had an 8th inning rally of their own and scored 4 to tie the game heading into the 9th.
Portsmouth tacked on an insurance run in the top of the ninth to go ahead as their strong defense took over in the bottom of the ninth to secure the win and remain Harvest Festival Cup Champions for the second year in a row. The Rockinghams saluted their friends from the Lynn Live Oaks for a well fought game and hoisted the cup for well-deserved round of Ipswich Ale.
Happy Fathers Day to all the fathers out there….. Wish we had better news, but due to the rain in the forecast we will be canceling the games today. See you on the ball field! It was a hot day at the farm this past weekend.
A big thank you to our fans for sticking it out for two well played games, and a big thank you to Ipswich Ale for keeping everyone hydrated! She made an acrobatic diving catch in center field on a ball that bounced 20 feet in front of her and appeared uncatchable. Essex Base Ball Club.
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Original joists found above the south basement were unhewn, while those under the north room were hewn. Hannah Devereux married Richard Knott in There are three bays in this section, divided on both floors by an exposed quirk-beaded tie beam. The building is oriented with gable roof flank end to the street and features a symmetrically arranged 5-bay facade with a massive center chimney. Architecturally this house is of interest because it has an early form. As of the census of , there were 3, people, 1, households, and families residing in the town.
Essex ma century. On the Massachusetts North Shore
The county was created by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony on May 10, , when it was ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires ". These communities had been part of Massachusetts' colonial-era Norfolk County. The remaining four towns within colonial Norfolk County, which included Exeter and what is now Portsmouth , were transferred to what became Rockingham County in the Province of New Hampshire.
The ten large founding Massachusetts-based settlements were then subdivided over the centuries to produce Essex County's modern composition of cities and towns. Essex County is where Elbridge Gerry who was born and raised in Marblehead created a legislative district in that gave rise to the word gerrymandering. Since , it has trended Democratic, with Dwight Eisenhower in and and Ronald Reagan in and being the only Republicans to carry the county since. Like several other Massachusetts counties , Essex County exists today only as a historical geographic region, and has no county government.
All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in The sheriff currently Kevin Coppinger and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council, commissioner, or county employees.
Communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. See also: League of Women Voters page on Massachusetts counties. Essex County is roughly diamond-shaped and occupies the northeastern corner of the state of Massachusetts. According to the U. All county land is incorporated into towns or cities. As of the United States Census , there were , people, , households, and , families residing in the county. There were , housing units at an average density of Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up The average household size was 2.
The median age was About 7. The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. As of , the county had total employment of , Based on deposits in the county, the five largest banks are TD Bank, N.
The area includes 34 cities and towns; two National Historic Sites Salem Maritime National Historic Site and Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site ; and thousands of historic sites and districts that illuminate colonial settlement, the development of the shoe and textile industries, and the growth and decline of the maritime industries, including fishing, privateering, and the China trade.
The Commission's mission is to promote and preserve the historic, cultural and natural resources of the ENHA by rallying community support around saving the character of the area.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Essex disambiguation. County in Massachusetts. Former Essex County Courthouse in Salem. Location within the U. Rivers of Massachusetts by drainage system. Tiasquam River. French River Quinebaug River. Hoosic River Kinderhook Creek. See also: List of Massachusetts locations by per capita income. John's Preparatory School St. Massachusetts portal.
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 5 September Bench and Bar of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts , p. The Boston History Company, The chamfers are different in the eastern and western sides of the house—quarter round and beveled respectively.
It would seem to have been first a one room deep house, enlarged in the third quarter of the 18th century to its present four-square center chimney proportions. It retain much woodwork from the earliest period, and some up to He died in , whereupon the property was sold to Jonathan Prescott, a doctor and blacksmith. It remained in the Prescott family for well over a hundred years. He served as Town Clerk for 11 years, from to The homestead remained in the Wheeler family for over two hundred years.
Once reputed to be one of the oldest houses in Concord, it is certainly possible that this building contains at least a portion of a seventeenth-century house. Cynthia and John lived in the house for a year and a half, and it was here that their son, Henry David Thoreau, was born in Although he only lived on Virginia Road as a baby, Henry Thoreau had much fondness for this part of town, occasionally walking and picking blueberries here, and mentioning it and its inhabitants frequently in his works.
This house has a slight overhang of the attic story at the gable ends, an architectural treatment that was largely discontinued by Both David and his brother Eleazer were involved in the Indian wars of the eighteenth century, David eventually as Captain. Both took part in Capt. It was probably erected about during the witchcraft trials, in which Joshua Rea, Jr.
In August. It was sold it in to Timothy Pickering, the first Secretary of war in , and the second Secretary of State from to During his ownership from to , he pioneered techniques of scientific agriculture.
Originally a half house with integral lean-to built c. The facade is marked by a one story pilastered entrance porch of 18th or 19th century construction date, and by a plaster cove cornice at the eave. The slim central chimney is a 19th century replacement of the original. The house was built by Joshua Rea, farmer, c. The extension of the house by a second cell with integral lean-to is typical of evolutionary development of houses in the study area, while the use of pine, rather than oak, for the later frame reflects the acceptance of pine as a suitable wood for framing in the early 18th century.
In I Mr. When his son Joseph married Anna, daughter of Major William Hathorne in , the land was conveyed to Joseph by his father as a marriage portion. This is the Joseph Porter who erected the house. The posts and beams are of white oak and are a foot square. The original house was apparently that side closest to the road.
The previous site of the house was part of the farm owned in the late 17th century by Robert Prince who left it to his two sons in trust to his wife Sarah. Sarah, who eventually married her indentured servant, Alexander Osborne, was accused as a witch and died in prison in Eldest son James Prince received a partial settlement in which included a house, however.
It is difficult to pinpoint the construction date from available physical evidence, but it is likely that the left hand rooms, if original to the site, were constructed by c. First Period framing of different character in the left and right portions of the house is visible in all four front rooms and lobby. The land on which the house sits was part of a lot of land conveyed to Peter Prescott, planter, of Salem MA, prior to Prescott built a house on his property, but it was apparently gone by when Thomas Cummings, weaver, sold the land.
The next owner of the land was Samuel White who probably built the house during the s for his occupancy. White was the son of Josiah and Remember Reed White. The front half of the house is comprised of the original single cell building on the right and the rooms added still in the First Period to the left of the chimney bay to give the house a nearly symmetrical plan.
The house achieved its present form except for the sun porch built c. The roof was rebuilt with broad eaves and returns, and the building was given its late Greek revival vernacular appearance. The two chimneys which pierce the ridge of the gable roof serve fireplaces at the rear of the front rooms. The central chimney of the original building was removed earlier, allowing the construction of a straight-run staircase.
The house is believed built circa as a two-story First Period structure. A lean-to with kitchen was added around The Putnam family inherited the property in , and remained residents until In it was transferred to the Danvers Alarm List Company, an organization for the reenactment of period history.
The original house is approximately 24 feet wide by one room-length deep. Family accounts mention that a portion of the present house was moved from the Bradstreet-Porter farm in Putnamville.
It would seem possible that in around , Guilford bought this property and moved an older structure here, but just what possible structure it originally was, cannot be ascertained. The James Putnam Jr. To this another structure was added to the front, creating an early Federal style central hall structure. Colonel Timothy Pickering, who leased the house from to , when he was serving as United States Senator. The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places in James Putnam had been taught a trade and he in his turn taught his soul the same trade that of bricklayer, and deeded to his son James Putnam junior bricklayer land in Danvers In Deedsand newspaper articles show the house to have been built about Carved, exposed wooden frame, with beaded chamfers typical of the period are featured throughout the house.
One of the oldest houses in the County, and with rare plank construction. The house was originally built as a single two story structure with a large chimney on one side, which was then widened with the addition on the other side of the chimney. In the 19th century the central chimney was removed, the entry of the house was reoriented from south to north by the addition of a new central door on the north face, The property has a rare First Period barn and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Crane Wildlife Refuge, some acres donated in by Mrs. Mine S. By he and his wife had begun buying property and built a small farm on the island between the Ipswich MAinland and Crane Neck. In Thomas Choate built his homestead, and a few years later he built the present Choate House for his son Francis and his wife.
On Sundays religious services were held at the Choate House. Rufus Choate, lawyer, orator, U. Choate Island,is accessible only by boat. This house was built in by Captain Samuel- Giddings who came as a military adviser in the Indian Wars not as a settler. However, he liked it so much that returned to build a house of the typical l7th century. Two and a half framed one room with chimney on West end, thatch roof.
Later another room was added to west end of house making four rooms and an attic. Old clapboards, before the addition was added are still present in the attic. The land surrounding this house has been continuously farmed. This house was dismantled and moved from Newburyport in and is particularly significant for its original, First-Period staircase possibly the finest of a surviving few, the surviving evidence for the exterior plaster cove cornice, the completely intact and exposed interior frame from both its first and second phase, and the hewn overhangs which were continued along the sides when the second-phase leanto was added.
The four girts and the small post at the right of the fireplace supporting the chimney girt have continuously running wide quirk beads 1. Above the lintel of the reconstructed hearth is a large plaster cove rising up to the chimney girt.
The raised-field panelled chimney wall and door are possibly original and transitional to the Second-Period. Over the modern casement of the end wall is a cut into the girt indicating that it had previously received Second-Period sash. Thomas Burnham, known as Liet.
Thomas Burnham settled in the falls section of town. He had a sawmill on Ghebacco River in His second son, John owned the grant of land on which the present house is built. John died in , He had nine children, the youngest son, David is said to have built this house. He was a shipbuilder by trade and came from a family of shipwrights. The great fireplace of the original kitchen, the largest in Essex County, 9 feet 5 inches wide, was discovered.
A rare form of lattice window was copied from the Metropolitan Museum of New York and used to replace the sash windows which had been installed at some renovation during in the past. In an old chicken coop moved from down the road, added to the side as a library. Samuel Hazen acquired land in the vicinity below Pen Brook in , building a house upon it sometime thereafter. Examined by architectural historians from Boston University in , the dwelling was felt to merit inclusion on the survey of First Period buildings of Eastern Massachusetts.
The left-hand rooms were added within a few years of the first construction and the lean-to followed probably by the mid 18th century. The attic reveals a purlin roof. The rafters are slightly larger in the earlier right-hand portion of the roof. Typical of its era are the massive central chimney, small narrow windows six-over-six light sash with heavy muntins and second floor overhang. The Dickinson-Pillsbury-Witham house, as it is known, is locally believed to have been built some time before by James Dickinson; it is known to have been standing by , when it came into the possession of Samuel Dickinson.
It was purchased in or by Paul Pillsbury from his uncle Oliver Dickinson. Pillsbury was an inventor of considerable ingenuity, devising machines for shelling the kernels from ears of corn and for stripping the bark from felled trees, as well as for pegging shoe soles. The house was built by John Adams or his son William between that time and ca.
Researchers from Boston University in assigned it a date of ca. The Herrick House began as a single cell structure consisting of the left hand rooms and chimney bay. The right hand file of rooms was added in the 18th century. First Period features are seen in the left hand rooms and attic. The room retains at least one wall of original clay plaster. All four of the original rooms and lobby retain exposed framing members.
From c. Freeman was a black who escaped from slavery in South Carolina, made his way north, where he was eventually able to purchase the house.
The building saw use as a hostelry again in the 20th century. Owners of this house report that the structure first belonged to Anthony Bennett. He received a grant of land on the east side of the Mill River in where he built this house. In addition to being a carpenter, Bennett also owned one fourth of a sawmill believed to be at Goose Gove.
He died in These mills remained in the Bennett family until The Haskell House house is closely associated after with the important local Boston sculptor, A. Atkins, who restored the house and encouraged published interest in it. The structure was briefly owned by the Cape Ann Historical Society, which operated it as a house museum, and features an intact First Period chimney, frame, and unusual and simple interior finish. In the first-floor left hand room, which is only 11 feet wide, both joists and summer beam run longitudinally.
The summer beam, c. The fireplace, 7 feet, 4 inches wide by 4 feet 11 inches high has two rear corner ovens and a smoke panel. The room has other early finishes: doors and their hardware, and an apparently original small cupboard on the rear wall.
The house is important for its association with Fitz Hugh Lane , noted painter of marine subjects. Evidence of First Period framing is seen in each of the four front rooms.
Joists are c. There are flat chamfers on all three outer wall girts, but no chamfer on the chimney girt. In the left hand room, there is a longitudinal summer beam with broad quarter-round chamfers. Stops of undetermined shape are present on the summer beam. Built in by the Rev. The rare survival of three kinds of painted decoration adds significantly to our limited knowledge of less permanent forms of embellishment of First Period houses, while the incorporation of certain Renaissance-inspired features places the house among the earliest examples of transitional architecture.
The younger Joslyn also lived in Maine, at Falmouth, but was driven from that town by Indian attacks and came to Gloucester in In he married Bridget Day and in the next year received a grant of land between the lots of Timothy Somes and Thomas Riggs on which he built this house.
The building is oriented with gable roof flank end to the street and features a symmetrically arranged 5-bay facade with a massive center chimney. Garland dates this house to , the year after Francis Norwood settled at Goose Cove on land granted to him from the Town of Gloucester and land that he purchased from John Pearce.
Norwood is believed to have fled England, along with his father, during the restoration of Charles II. Francis Norwood died in leaving his dwelling house to his widow and sons, Francis and Caleb.
Clay plaster walls, early iron hardware and heavy framing timbers and floor joists visible in the cellar indicate that this house is the remaining core of a building that was expanded into the present structure in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. According to a map of Riverdale as it appeared in , this house was the property of Samuel Allen and Isaac Elwell. Allen was the son of Joseph Allen, a blacksmith who settled in Gloucester and lived near the original meetinghouse at the Green.
Elwell was the great grandson of Robert Elwell who lived in Gloucester as early as and was prominent in town affairs. In , Isaac married Susanna Stanwood, again from a family with extensive roots in the Riverdale area.
Oriented with its gable roof flank end to the street facing south, the structure has a center chimney and an asymmetrically arranged 4-bay facade. T his house dates from c. It features a three bay facade, a center entry, center chimney and a slight overhang at the gables. The house was at one time believed to have been built earlier, in the s, by a man named Richard Dyke. The lean-to was added c. First Period features are visible in the right and left hand chambers.
Framing in the right hand chamber presents an unusual combination of quirk beading and flat chamfering. Corner posts have flat chamfers and no stops. The rear plate begins at the end wall with a flat chamfer, but a third of the way along the beam, the flat chamfer becomes a quirked bead see photograph. The rest of the framing, including the one exposed brace, is quirk-beaded.
In the left hand chamber the front and rear plates are exposed and quirk-beaded. During restoration of the house, a quirked bead was observed on the longitudinal summer beam in the left hand room. The front north rooms conprise the original double cell house.
The late First Period Frame of this house is visible only in the right-hand front room and lobby. The longitudinal summer beam of the right-hand room has flat chamfers and tapered stops. Rafters of the original principal rafter, common purlin roof are still in place on the front slope of the roof.
The house retains many well executed Second Period finishes, including fireplace walls of raised field paneling in the left and right rooms. This house began as a double cell house. A lean-to was added in the 18th century.
A photograph taken in shows the house clapboarded, with a two story lean-to and ell to the left. The ell to the right was added by In , the house was again enlarged and stuccoed to create a Colonial Revival style country estate. First Period features, in the form of an exposed decorated oak frame, are visible in the left-hand room and in the right-hand and left-hand chambers. In the left-hand room, the 12 inch wide longitudinal summer beam has flat chamfers and tapered stops.
In the right-hand and left-hand chambers, the 9 inch wide summer tie beams have flat chamfers and taper stops. The left-hand room is decorated with a fireplace wall of Second Period raised-field paneling in which there is an oven door to the left of the firebox. The construction date of the earlier side, between to places the Brown House among the earliest houses surveyed.
The roof also retains a rare example of diagonal wind brace between rafter and principal purlin, a feature found in the Fairbanks house of The plank frame construction is representative of a larger group of First Period Houses in Northern Essex County and the structure embodies the distinctive framing characteristics of that sub-group of First Period buildings.
Joists 20 inches on centers are set into butt cogs in the summer beam, but rest on top of flat-chamfered front and rear girts. The house was updated in the Federal period, probably losing its central chimney at that time. Fireplaces in the rear of the downstairs rooms have Federal trim, as does the small three-run staircase in the entry bay.
A midth-century barn adds to the historic significance of the property. First Period features in the form of oak ceiling framing originally exposed, although undecorated, and a fireplace with rear corner ovens, are seen in the.
The walls of the house are laid up in Flemish bond on the south street and east sides. The house is one of a very small number of First Period masonry buildings to survive in eastern Massachusetts. First Period features in the form of ceiling framing are seen on both floors. The house is divided into a larger east room and a smaller west room on both floors. In the east room there is a relatively large summer c. The right hand room, chamber, and chimney bay comprise the original part of the house dating, according to local history, to This building, which was originally located on the corner of Winter and Pecker streets was moved to its present location at the time of significant development of nearby Vine Street.
Stylistic analysis indicates that the present structure was built sometime after the Pecker family acquired title to all the land between , and before they sold it to John Cogswell in August His daughters acquired the house in , and by mention in their wills of a new house on the old site indicates that the original house had been moved to its present location. The original late First Period single room plan house is the right hand portion of the present building.
The core of the house probably reached its present form late in the 18th century. However, the house incorporates certain conservative features which link the house to carpentry practices in the earliest years of settlement.
These features are the wattle and daub wall fill, the use of flat-wise joists in the cellar and the two story lapped studs in the north wall. The presumed builder of the present house, Carpenter Thomas Burnham, was an elderly man by the time the house was built. George Giddings, who was granted the land in , sold the property with dwelling house to Thomas Burnham in Burnham was sixty-two in , the earliest date Cummings felt the house could have been built on the basis of style.
Conley award. Built circa by Abraham Tilton Jr. He saved what was salvageable from the burned structure and replaced the rest with period materials salvaged from 18th and 19th century structures throughout New England.
The byfoot keeping room still has the original 18th-century wood floors, with pit-sawn pine planks 20 inches wide and 22 feet long. The rebuilt walk-in fireplace has twin beehive ovens and a pot rail. This house has a preservation agreement with the Ipswich Historical Commission. First Period elements include 5 fireplaces and a large central chimney, diamond leaded pane casement windows, hand carved raised paneling, a steep pitched roof, bare clapboards and trim, board and batten doors, and chamfered summer beams.
Robert Kinsman constructed this First Period house in They dwelt in the old Robert Kinsman homestead until when he sold his farm, 47 acres and buildings to Samuel Patch.
Thomas Dennis bought the property in J. The rear ell of the present house dates from that period, with wide chamfers on the summer beam and unusual unpainted horizontal feather-edged sheathing. The early house appears to have been a typical one-over-one room floorplan 17th century half-house, facing due south with an end chimney. Framing elements from that period are visible, and both butterfly and strap hinges can be found.
John Wise. It became the residence of Dr. The South Parish church burned in The house dates to about and was formerly known as the Norton-Corbett House.
The 1st period 2-story structure has a timber frame, clapboard siding, an elaborate pilastered chimney, a rear ell, post-medieval overhangs front and side, and one of the best Jacobean staircases in New England. The land on which the house sits was at one time part of an orchard lot and was sold to Matthew Perkins, a weaver and soldier, by Major Francis Wainwright in The house was probably built about this time.
Key features of the house include molded overhangs, a front staircase with Jacobean balusters, and a fireplace in the attic, which was partially finished from the very beginning. There is evidence to suggest that additional original details survive under the 18th and 19th century trim in several principle rooms.
His dwelling house is mentioned on this site by In , one Jeffry Snelling was in occupancy on the site. The exact period of the house rerrains undetermined, and the evidence is confused by years of alterations.
William Hodgkins probably built this house before The Lakemans were a sea-faring family with extensive wharves and warehouses on the property and on the Town Wharf across the street. The house was restored in The chamfered frame was exposed in one room and the original fireplace was revealed. Some third period trim is extant as well. Arthur Johnson is said to have taken a wall of panelling from the house and it is now installed in the Lakeman-Johnson house on upper East Street.
A pre-Revolutionary wall painting was removed as well, and is now located In the Whipple House. Original rafters from the earliest construction reveal that the house was only one room deep.
The rafters were lengthened later to cover the the two story rear leanto. Andrew Burley bought this land in and built a house shortly thereafter. He bought the house in and opened a tavern in the building.
He operated the tavern there for thirty years. The original house was a double cell structure, to which the lean-to was added and then presumably raised in the 18th century. The only First Period features currently in the house are a single chimney post with crude chamfer and the collar beams in the attic survey data indicates collar beams disappear as a feature of the roof framing of one room deep houses before the end of the First Period.
Chimney bay dimensions, size of summer beam boxes, steep roof pitch and overhangs at the gable end in combination also indicate First Period construction.
East and west room dimensions are 16 feet wide by 19 feet deep. The chimney bay is an ample ten feet wide. One chimney post visible in a closet appears to have an intentional flat chamfer. The longitudinal summer beam in the east room and the summer tie beam in the west chamber have boxes that are 14 inches wide. Deed research by the Rev. Thomas Franklin Waters of Ipswich in the early 20th century strongly suggests the house was one of three owned by James Burnham before on Heartbreak Road: 1 the house Burnham acquired from Samuel Poad in ; 2 a new house Burnham built before ; or 3 another house in which James Burnham lived in The right-hand room and chimney bay comprise the earliest part of the house.
The left-hand rooms and the rear ell were added in the 18th century. A 20th century, 2 story porch abuts the west end. The house retains First Period massing with steeply pitched roof and the original central chimney. It has a massive oak frame, central chimney and clapboards typical of other First Period houses on High Street.
The dining room boasts a cavernous firebox and beehive oven. Some walls display the original wide-board paneling, which was exposed when plaster was removed during restoration. The parlor retains its 17th Century floor and hearth. Continue Reading. The front entry features the original stairway and paneling. The property was transferred to Robert Roberts and then to Thomas Lord, a cordwainer shoe maker who built this house in The evolution of this property to its current twelve rooms is an outstanding example of careful adaptions of various periods over four generations.
Pleasant surprises were awaiting when the house was purchased by the current owners in Its careful restoration uncovered a chamfered 17th century summer beam and 17th century field paneling behind newer walls.
Edward Brown was the original owner of this site in 16 39, and a portion of the present house may date from the period of his ownership c. The oldest part of the house is the east side, which began as a one-roomover-one-room floorplan. In the midth century the west side of the house was built, completing the common central chimney, two-over-two configuration. Later a rear leanto was added. A leanto was added at a later date, and has since been replaced, Early 18th century details include fine sheathing in the chambers, the front stairs, and the present chimney.
The attic stairway is also of considerable age, and is fastened with roseheaded handwrought nails. After it was purchased by Al Boynton and Kathy Bruce, they discovered that it was full of first period elements that would date before , as early as Kathy and Al have dedicated much of their time and energy to renovating the property.
Ipswich architect Mat Cummings discovered hand-made plaster lathe, chestnut flooring, paneling similar to the nearby Day Dodge House, and a large hidden brick fireplace. Exceptional features in this house include bolection molding around the fireplace on the second floor, and some good raised field paneling. The ell was added about and the leanto was raised to 2 stories about This was the same parcel granted to Thomas Dudley, Governor, It is said that Lummus built his new house soon after his purchase on cellar of the Dudley house.
The house underwent a careful restoration in The early frame remains and the original window openin can be determined. Two walls of excellent 18th century paneling exist on the second floor. Kogging has been exposed in the two front rooms. The oldest elements of the present house are usually dates c.
Robert Lord was an active Ipswich citizen. He was charged with keeping the public ways clean and he initiated fire laws for Ipswich — inspecting chimneys himself.
Lord was a cordwainer by trade and signed the Loyalist petition in The house remained in the family until , when Ephraim B. Harris, a housewright, bought the property. The west end of the house is probably the earliest. Among the visible first period details are chamfered timbers in the stone chimney foundation.
Key features of this house include a hidden room, 10 fireplaces with delicate Federal details added by the Lords when they redecorated in Three hundred years of stylistic variations harmonize well in this house. Richard Kimball owned this lot in The house is an excellent example of growth, particularly in its collection of rear additions, and stylistic evolution. Brewer sold the corner lot, with a house, to Daniel Low in Several early features of the present house indicate it is the dwelling Brewer sold to Low, and probably dates from the late 17th century.
The central hall and second floor rooms display beaded Federal detail, and the rear extensions were probably built when those renovations were made.
He built a fort around Meeting House Green in , and in served as Town Clerk, While in that office he recopied the two old town book. This House is one of the oldest residences in town and remained in the family by inheritance from the time of the original grant. This house was the home of Col. This lot was owned by Simon Tuttle in the early 18th century, and several late first period features of the house date it to that period. These include unusual horizontal feather-edged wainscotting and West Anglian type framing.
The roof has been raised in the rear, but the original rafters survive. One of the upstairs rooms contains midth century raised field paneling on the fireplace wall. The west end of the house -was added by Capt. Three families then occupied the house, sharing one narrow kitchen.
Perhaps at the same time the rear roof was raised to cover a full two stories and Georgian trim was added. Surviving elements of that trim include a cornice in the front room, and some fine raised-field paneling On the fireplace wall in the rear chamber. The staircase and the majority of the trim in the house are later. Around the east ell was added. Appleton, his land toward ye southwe. The house was later expanded to a typical two room, central chimney plan, and eventually the roof was raised and side and rear additions were made.
The original portion of the present house is the western part. The frame in the first floor west room is of the H—type, an early structural technique.
Only three known examples are known in this country. Other first period features that are visible include huge fireplaces, a very early back door, and some verticle sheathing. Continue readiing. Caleb Kimball conveyed to his son John 2 acres of land in and John built the present house soon after. In the house was restored, which included removing the beam casings and later additions, and opening the fireplaces.
The original portion of the house has a basic central chimney fioorplan, with two rooms on each story. The entry hall is dominated by a first-period stairway stained a rich tabacco brown color.
The keeping room on the left has a great chamfered summer beam while the walls are covered with vertical wide-boarded tongue and groove sheathing, all in the same deep hue. The room on the right of the hall is Federal, with white painted delicate trim, and the bedrooms contain some fine 18th century paneling. Thus three major architectural periods are represented in one house.
This house and its neighbor to the southeast, the John Kimball House see form , both stand on land Caleb Kimball bought of Richard Kimball in That house was removed at an unknown date. The present house resembles the John Kimball house beside it which was built around on a portion of the lot originally purchased by Caleb Kimball. John Kendricks owned a large lot here in , and the Town Records report that on July 30, Kendricks was granted the liberty to fell eight white oak trees.
The first deed that records a house on the site dates from , when Kendricks sold the property to his son Important first period fabric includes rare fragments of a three part casement window frame in the southern gable, rear rafters of the original roof that are visible in the attic, and remnants in the chimney stack of what must have been a handsome pilaster.
Conflicting historical and architectural evidence makes it difficult to accurately date the house. There was a dwelling on this property by , as Robert Paine, Sr. The house retains much of the original floor plan. The first floor, right hand room has exposed framing. Other visible framing members exhibit a very narrow bevel chamfer, or none at all. The first floor left hand room has early and very large size bolection molding around the fireplace opening.
This type of molding was made ca. Dodge family. The property is now owned by the Trustees of Reservations which offers weekend tours. The Ross Tavern is, in its main body, 5 bays wide and one room deep. There is a wing to the right hand side and a large ell to the rear.
The house is composed of two earlier houses moved on to the site and restored by Daniel S. The main body of the house was dismantled and moved from an earlier Ipswich site abutting the Choate Bridge.
The left-hand rooms and chimney bay comprised the original part of that structure. That single cell building was probably moved onto the Choate Bridge site between and and enlarged at that time by the addition of the right-hand rooms. In the 19th century the building became known as the Ross Tavern. The rear ell, originally the Collins-Lord house on High Street just south of 33 High Street , was also dismantled and moved by Wendell.
In , a kitchen wing was added to the right-hand side of the two reconstructed and restored 17th century houses and a small lean-to was built next to the ell at the left rear.
The house was restored to a high style First Period appearance by Daniel Wendell on the basis of very specific physical evidence. The clapboarded exterior has gables on the front and rear facades restored from evidence of mortises in the plate , and a deep two story entrance porch originally was proven by mortises on the outer face of the framing.
All the gables have molded verge boards unweathered ends of the purlins on the exterior indicated an original verge board. There are elaborately embellished overhangs at the second story on three sides and in each of the gables. The second story overhang had been closed in for a number of years before the house was dismantled. Wendell found three cyma molded overhanging girts, mitered at the corners the posts above have a right angled tenon which helps to hold the mitered ends together.
The girts are supported from beneath at the centers by the projecting rounded ends of the T shaped summer beams of the left-hand room. At the corners, the overhanging girts are supported by brackets restored on the basis of impressions in the wood on the underside of the girts, but with conjectural profiles. The house was extended by an ell to the left rear c.
A second ell of 2 stories and a screened porch were added to the rear, very likely in conjunction with use of the building in the 20th century as the club house for the Labor-in-Vain country club. First Period features, in the form of an exposed, decorated frame, are seen in the right-hand room and chamber. The chimney post has the added embellishment of a taper stop near the floor.
Rising braces are exposed in the rear wall of this room, but whether their presence indicates plank frame construction is unknown. In the lobby the staircase is embellished with a handrail molded on both sides and with possibly original turned balusters, of early Second Period style profile.
The balusters are similar in profile to those found in the Smith house nearby at Argilla Road. He was briefly indentured to tailor John Brown in Boston.
After ending his servitude in , Thomas Hart settled in Ipswich and by had become a proprietor. In he built a one-room starter home, and gradually expanded it. Thomas Hart, senior died in and is buried in the Old Burying Ground along with his wife Alice who lived until They had two daughters Sara and Mary, and two sons, Samuel and Thomas. Ipswich retains some early interior detailing and the picturesque exterior, with irregular fenestration and extensive rear additions reflecting generations of growth and change.
The frame and walls of one lower room of the Hart House are displayed in the American Wing at the Met. Museum of Art, and Winterthur Museum displays the interior of a chamber room. Chapmans are listed among the earliest settlers of Linebrook in the 17th century. Although the house may have been built by Chapmans, the first Chapman to be positively identified as owner was Joseph in The one son, Joseph Warren Chapman b.
The building is perhaps the oldest structure in Linebrook. According to previous descriptions, it once had a fireplace in which one could stand up, and summer beams with simple bevel chamfers. This 18th century barn was erected by Emerson Howe and was converted to residential use in Considering the preservation rate of redundant barns, the Howe barn may owe its survival to its conversion to a house.
The building adds to our limited knowledge of the form and framing characteristics of First Period agricultural buildings. Construction characteristics of this barn, including angle of roof, placement of pins, treatment and size of stock and workmanship are, according to Robert St. Robert Kimball to build a new house on his Market St. The lot was already occupied by an old dwelling house built by Daniel Warner prior to In a large tree fell on the house, crushing the roof.
The owner replaced it with a much steeper roof, restoring its First Period appearance and providing living space in the attic. Subsequent divisions and sales have greatly reduced the lot, and considerable alterations have occurred in the house, but the house transfered in remains at the core of the present house. James Brown was sole owner of this house by John Heard acquired it in and moved it to land he owned on Poplar St.
From to Dr. In , after one of his votes was called into question,an angry crowd surrounded the house. A cartoon by Paul Revere pictured the seven who had voted retraction of a petition to the King. At the close of the war he settled in St. Andrews, New Brunswick, there practicing his profession until his death. Shoreborne Wilson, a cooper, bought this lot in and built the house some time between and Framing reveals the northwest portion to be the earliest. The northwest section of the house is the earliest portion.
Notable period features include a handsome chamfered frame and evidence of the size and arrangement of the original casement windows. He built a southeast addition. In the house was restored by Ralph Burnham. He introduced reproductions of 17th century trim, casements, and fireplaces. Dendrochronology tests conducted in dated the oldest timbers in the house to The John Whipple House was once believed to have been, started by John Fawn before , was originally a two story, two room house — with steep-pitched, thatched roof and casement windows of the Elizabethan mode.
The east half was added in and the lean-to after The house possesses heavy oak and tamarack beams, gun-stock posts, pine paneling with shadow molding, clay and brick filled walls and huge fireplaces of the early 17th century type. The house has been named a National Historic Landmark by the U. Park Service. Benjamin Kimball jr. This large fireplace in the left front room, first floor, stands behind a smaller fireplace now visible in this room.
In addition, the vertical cornerposts in the front two rooms of the first floor were shouldered at the first floor ceiling level, indicating that at one time a roof began at this point; hence the building was formerly a story-and a-half Cape instead of the present two story house.
This was probably added by Kimball in The uneven layout of the front suggests that it was originally built as a half house and expanded. The ell on the left side appears to be a modification of a Beverly Jog.
Nathaniel Hovey Sr. The property on Summer St. There was also a John Pulsifer who settled in Gloucester about the same time. The probably son of the builder of this house, Jonathan Pulcifer Jr.
The lot on the corner of Summer St. Thomas Knowlton Sr. The will of Deacon Thomas Knowlton 1 is dated He is believed to have built this house in The property remained in the Foster family until , when it was sold to Ephriam Grant.
William Willcomb, a fisherman, bought land on Summer St. The Pinder family came into possession in The house demonstrates the persistence of first period features in Ipswich MA, including an exceptional fireplace in the left room and an extremely rare bannister with heavy beading.
The interior of the home features hand-hewn summer beams, wide plank flooring and the original fireplaces. The next owner, William Benjamin Pinder was a corporal with Col. James Foster bought this land in and built a house with first period characteristics. On the second floor is a rare 2-panel door.
Except for the midth century stairs, much early material is concealed. The roofline shows that it was once a smaller house, later doubled in size and remodeled to appear Georgian, with the two chimneys, dormers and a symmetrical front.
He bought this former orchard land from Nathaniel Clark who moved to Newbury. In Moses gave an acre of the land with the house on it to his son Moses Kimball Jr. The enlarged house stayed in the Kimball family for several generations. A portion of the property was sold to the Eastern Railroad for the line that exists today. Thomas Emerson bought this lot in 1 and built a house. He sold the house and land to Daniel Ringe in 1 6I4. Architectural evidence reveals that the present house was built about Thus Howard must have removed the ancient Emerson House and built a new structure shortly after The house was originally built as a half house and later added to and remodeled in The house is full of architectural quirks.
The interior is partitioned, which is unusual for the period. The stairway has no rails, and the kitchen fireplace is angled to make room for an extra window. The chimney construction is unique and the fireplace is out of plumb with the house. The fenestration, which includes a 20th century restoration of the original casement windottfs in the left hand portion of the house and the hung sash on the right, serves as an architectural document showing the transition from the late 17th century to early 18th century building techniques.
Roger Preston sold his house and lot to Reginald Foster in , and his son Jacob Foster inherited the property.
It is not clear whether Reginald or Jacob built the present house. The house has a typical first period floor plan, and rear additions including a two story wing, built about and renovated in The righthand half of the house contains two massive t-round chamfered summer beams dating to the last quarter of the 17th century.
If the timbers are original, the house dates to about Smallbeaded chamfering in the second story framing suggests a very late first-period style house of about The exterior facade, with very sharp pitched roof and purlins that extend and are exposed beyond the gable end, is unusual and indicates a first period date.
An important feature of this building lies in the variation of period material: heavy chamfered framing, fine, rich-hued unpainted horizontal feather-edged paneling in the first-floor right front room, and the superimposition of later Federal detail in the central hall area and upstairs fireplace walls. Abner Harris, who purchased the property in had a shipyard at the foot of Summer St.
Captain Ebenezer Sutton, for whom the house is named, bought the house in Construction of the present house may have been begun by Nathaniel Knowlton, who bought the lot in or Joseph Smith, who bought the corner lot from Knowlton and eventually sold the property to Abner Harris. When timber framer Jim Whidden began disassembling the frame, architect Matt Cummings and architectural historian Sue Nelson discovered evidence dating the eastern part of the house dated to The location had been a shipyard owned by Moses Pengry.
Originally built c. It is set back from the street on a corner lot. A low rubble stone retaining wall in front of the house contains the difference in elevation between the house and the street. The original part of the house, heavily restored since , is three bays wide by two bays deep. It is two stories high under a side gable roof.
Much alteration has recently occurred on the facade: a modest Neo-Colonial door surround was added at the narrow opening in the first bay; the c.
The two paired, high-placed windows of the second floor probably an early twentieth century feature were replaced with windows that align with those of the first floor.
The roof is framed without returns and there is no cornice. An exterior chimney on the north elevation existed in but was probably added in the twentieth century. The house expanded with many ells in the perhaps two hundred and eighty-six years since its erection. The first possibly late eighteenth or early nineteenth century addition was probably the two and one-half story gable-roof ell placed perpendicularly off the rear elevation.
John Harris bought this land in and built the house. John Stanwood, a Revolutionary War veteran, acquired the property in and it remained in his family for many years. The Stanwood women were prominent educators. A Victorian wing was added c. Exceptional Georgian paneling is the finest feature in the house. Jabesh Sweet built a house on this lot in or shortly thereafter.
However a first period frame and two parellel summer beams with heavy beveled chamfers support the earlier date. Shouldered corner posts are another special feature found in this house. Its interior has retained many of its early 18th century features, including exposed beams, wide pine floorboards, and unbaked bricks used as insulation between inner and outer wall coverings. Eleazar Brooks, a descendant, was a prominent local politician at the time of the American Revolution.
The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Like the early Flints who lived in the Concord section of what became Lincoln , Benjamin Brown was a prominent resident who had a large associated farmstead with his house. Dividing that farmstead between three of his sons, this house has a long parallel history with the neighboring pre Cory-Brown-Hunt House LIN. Below the simple eave are three second-story windows.
The center window is set towards one side of the plainly adorned front doorway below it, while two first-story windows are aligned below the other two second-story windows. The spacing between these pairings varies considerably. On the north side of the main structure there is a two-story wing fronted by a one-story porch. Inside, the two front rooms of the Benjamin Brown House represent the first two phases of construction for the house.
Stonework and structural beams suggest that the large central chimney and the dry-wall foundation work with dirt floors under the north rooms as well as the front entry were done at the same time, while that of the south rooms is of a different construction. In the south basement, the dry-wall foundation work is less skillful than on the chimney and the foundation work under the northeast room and entry. Original joists found above the south basement were unhewn, while those under the north room were hewn.
Underneath the entryway, where the two areas of construction join together, it appears as though the south-room beams had previously joined a structural element that is no longer present. On the first floor, both front rooms contain fireplaces and beehive ovens that in the south room being the earlier beehive oven , simply framed.
The house contains many typical exposed timber-framing elements. The framed summer beams run parallel with the front of the house, while those on the second story run in the opposite direction. There are corner posts and the coving of the plaster ceiling in the north chamber, while the south chamber now has a cathedral ceiling.
Over the north chamber, the once exposed whitewashing is still present on the rafters and the bottom of remaining attic floorboards. The central chimney also serves a fireplace in the room behind these front rooms once a saltbox addition, now a full two stories , while the framing in the wing off of the north side of the house shows evidence that it had originally been a one-and-ahalf story wing. This historic tavern northeast of downtown Lincoln on Rt. It was built in and added to the National Register of Historic Places in The Captain William Smith House was built in and, although altered, retains original features such as the plaster cove of the front cornice, an element that flourished in Massachusetts from the late s until around The house originally had casement windows and a very large central chimney.
The Hart House exhibits late First Period framing details and decoration in all of its main rooms. The summers, girts, sills, and posts all have flat chamfers; the sills and posts also have simple taper stops. The reconstruction casement windows were installed in the original locations, indicated by mortise holes in the posts, meant to accommodate window framing members in the plank wall.
The east first floor room has an exposed chimney girt with flat chamfer; the transverse summer beam and sills have been replaced. The lean-to seems to have been added early in the 18th century: the ceiling beams are exposed but not chamfered, and the six foot wide fireplace has a beehive oven in the rear right wall.
A small heart has been carved into the north plate of the lean-to, presumably by a member of the Hart family, owners The west section was added some time in the early 18th century. During the 20th century, a shed dormer was built on the sloping rear roof, and two one story additions were added on the east rear. The house is clapboarded, with a reconstructed cove cornice on the main facade and a Greek — Revival doorway. The east side of the house exhibits ca.
In the first floor east room, all original woodwork is covered by later boxes and panels. The attic preserves substantial evidence of the original roof. Underneath the slope of the east part of the present shed dormer are the upper portions of principal rafters, collar beams, and vertical planking.
On the west side of the chimney, some of the vertical planks from the original gable wall survive in place. There are four original exterior clapboards still attached to the west face of the planks, under the peak. Abbot Lowell Cummings observed that cuts had been made in the front plate to allow for a plaster cove, and oversaw the reconstruction and installation of the cove cornice now on the building.
The post date of the west end of the house is clearly indicated by the unfinished condition of the now exposed longitudinal summer beam in the first floor room. The fireplace wall is covered in field paneling. This structure can be regarded as two separate buildings. The left is a first period house, built c. It may have been moved to this location. It has a steep pitched roof with no overhang at the eaves and an overhanging second floor.
The beams inside are smoothly finished and ornately chamfered.
The ancient houses of Essex County – Historic Ipswich
This is a historical and genealogical guide to the county of Essex. You will find help with town histories, vital records, deeds and land records, city directories, cemetery records and cemeteries, churches, town records, newspapers, maps, and libraries. Essex County was one of the four original counties when Massachusetts Bay Colony created counties in which includes the area known as Cape Ann. The only major change came with the addition of three miles on the northern border when the Old Norfolk County was eliminated in It was first settled in This was a major port for the United States through the late s.
Fishing was a thriving industry from the beginning, and is still notable in Gloucester. Haverhill, on the Merrimack River, became one of the centers of the Industrial Revolution in the mids. As the city expanded with all the immigrant growth, the city annexed the town of Bradford on the south side of the river.
The county government was abolished on 1 July , but its former jurisdiction is used for state offices as a district. The basic data are from the historical county boundary series  with additions from various sources. Extinct Town: Bradford In Massachusetts, the original vital records of births, marriages, marriage intentions, and deaths have been created and maintained by the town or city in which the event occurred.
In very early colonial times, copies of these records except the intentions were submitted to the county court. These copies can be found in the list of Miscellaneous Court Records below. There were marriage intentions commonly recorded in the bride's home town and additional recordings maybe found in the groom's home town and their current residence. Massachusetts was the first state to bring a unified state-level recording of these events but not marriage intentions in Boston excluded until The associated records of divorce and adoption are handled by the courts.
It is easiest to start with the state vital records for events since , though realize the original record is with the town or city. Land transfers, commonly called deeds, are recorded on the county level in Massachusetts.
Not all deeds were recorded as is common practice today. The earliest transactions were charters or grants from the English Crown. Once local government was established, the colony would grant land to settlers directly or to towns to dole out. Some towns first start out as proprietorship and records were recorded there. Once towns were established, deeds were recorded on the county level. Essex County is divided into two districts. The county was one district until the creation of the Northern District in Deeds sec.
Probate and Family Court is organized on a county level in Massachusetts since the creation of the counties. See a further discussion of the topic in general on the Massachusetts page.
All records are maintained in Salem. Older records before are held by: Supreme Judicial Court Archives administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass.
Bouvier sjc. The records above are also microfilmed at FHL film 1st of and at the Massachusetts Archives. The records are stored at the Supreme Judicial Archives at the same location. The original file papers exist at the archives, never microfilmed, but have been digitized in and , though the Supreme Judicial Archives has yet to make that public as of Aug.
The court system can appear to be complex. Some records may be found in the Old Norfolk County records. Older records are held by: Supreme Judicial Court Archives administration - records stored in several off-site facilities and the Mass. This court was active from called a quarterly court and then the county court when Suffolk was created in to The court heard all civil causes up to 10 shillings raised to 40 shillings in and all criminal causes not concerning life, limb, or banishment.
These were all jury trials. Some records can be found in the Suffolk Files. The published volumes' coverage stops in or depending on the court location. For quarterly courts held after that i. Frost, comp. These were at one point held at the Peabody Essex Museum in Salem. This court was active from to The court heard criminal cases and had authority over county affairs that included levying taxes, reviewing town bylaws, highways, licensed liquor, regulated jails, supervised the administration of the poor laws, and appointed some county officials.
The court heard all civil cases over 40s unless a case involved freehold or was appealed from a justice of the peace. The Quarterly Court of General Sessions was merged into the Inferior Court of Common Pleas in , and that court was reorganized in to created the Superior Court as the new lower i.
It covers both criminal and civil matters. The Supreme Judicial Court was established by the Massachusetts Constitution of that combined the former Governor and Council with the Superior Court of Judicature creating the highest state court.
This court hears appeals, writ of error, capital offenses, and crimes against the public good. That included divorces until that action was moved to the lower court in Naturalization records were created on a variety of governmental levels from the Federal down to the city at the same time.
The county records for all levels are outlines below. The have large print and manuscript collections focused on pre material.
This is the facility for government records on Essex County including the original court records, customhouse records, maritime records, and on microfilm probate records.
The paper catalog is in process of conversion to their online catalog. Massachusetts Society of Genealogists, Inc. Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.
Family History Library. To request editing rights on the Wiki, click here. From FamilySearch Wiki. United States. Essex County. Top of Page Towns and Cities [ edit edit source ]. Draper, Utah: Everton Pub. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, , Navigation menu Personal tools English. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read View source View history.
Research Wiki. This page was last edited on 19 August , at This page has been viewed 6, times via redirect Content is available under Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike unless otherwise noted.
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in General compliance year unknown. Essex County created as one of the four original counties formed out of Massachusetts Bay Colony. Gained three miles north of the Merrimack River when the Old Norfolk County was dissolved adding the then towns of Haverhill and Salisbury.
Billion Graves. MAGenWeb Archives. Tombstone Project. Internet Archive. Google Books. Records, , at Mass. Declarations, , at Mass. Judicial Archives. Notice of app.