Breast hypertrophy pregnancy-Breast Hypertrophy (Gigantomastia): Causes, Treatment, and More

It is a very rare condition 1 in and the only case seen in our hospital over the past 20 years. No similar case has been reported from the United Arab Emirates or Gulf regions, to our knowledge. In pregnancy she was managed conservatively with analgesics, bromocriptine and breast support. She had bilateral reduction mammoplasty 1 year after delivery. The outcome was satisfactory, and the patient was pleased with the cosmetic result.

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy Health Sciences. When hyperrtrophy to pregnancy, it may resolve itself without treatment after the pregnancy ends. Footnotes Competing interests: none. The weight produced by their symmetrical and massive enlargement resulted in marked curvature of the spine. European Journal of Human Genetics. You may be asked questions about:.

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Gestational gigantomastia is estimated to in 1 out of Uniform work pants 28, topregnancies. The materials on the website only for acquaintance. How to Fall Asleep in Breast hypertrophy pregnancy, 60, Breast hypertrophy pregnancy Seconds You can do a lot of prep work to make the perfect sleep environment. If you're an adolescent, your doctor might make a diagnosis of gigantomastia if your breasts grew rapidly soon after your first menstrual period. Zacharin M. A doctor was on TV hupertrophy other day and he said that because of hormones used in foods nowadays, girls are experiencing breast hyperthropy. Shannon C, Smith I E. The breasts may progress to several times hyperfrophy normal weight and size, and eventually become huge, grotesque, and incapacitating. Height, weight, and body mass index BMI should be assessed. Uribe Hypertrophg A. For some women, gigantomastia happens spontaneously without an obvious cause. Medical treatment has not proven consistently effective.

Breast hypertrophy is a rare medical condition of the breast connective tissues in which the breasts become excessively large.

  • Massive hypertrophy of the breast with pregnancy is a rare condition of unknown cause.
  • Gigantomastia is a rare condition that causes excessive growth of the female breasts.

Breast hypertrophy is a rare medical condition of the breast connective tissues in which the breasts become excessively large. The condition is often divided based on the severity into two types, macromastia and gigantomastia. Hypertrophy of the breast tissues may be caused by increased histologic sensitivity to certain hormones such as female sex hormones , prolactin , and growth factors. It was first scientifically described in Some resources distinguish between macromastia Greek, macro : large, mastos : breast , where excessive tissue is less than 2.

The condition can also individually affect the nipples and areola instead of or in addition to the entire breast. The effect can produce a minor size variation to an extremely large breast asymmetry.

Breast hypertrophy is classified in one of five ways: as either pubertal virginal hypertrophy , gestational gravid macromastia , in adult women without any obvious cause, associated with penicillamine therapy, and associated with extreme obesity.

When gigantomastia occurs in young women during puberty , the medical condition is known as juvenile macromastia or juvenile gigantomastia and sometimes as virginal breast hypertrophy or virginal mammary hypertrophy. Along with the excessive breast size, other symptoms include red, itchy lesions and pain in the breasts. A diagnosis is made when an adolescent's breasts grow rapidly and achieve great weight, usually soon after her first menstrual period. Some doctors suggest that the rapid breast development occurs before the onset of menstruation.

Some women with virginal breast hypertrophy experience breast growth at a steady rate for several years, after which the breasts rapidly develop exceeding normal growth. Some adolescent females experience minimal or negligible breast growth until their breasts suddenly grow very rapidly in a short period of time.

This may cause considerable physical discomfort. Women suffering VBH often experience an excessive growth of their nipples as well. In severe cases of VBH, hypertrophy of the clitoris occurs. This same effect can also occur at the onset of pregnancy or between the 16th to 20th week of gestation. When the swelling in the connective tissue occurs after birth, it can negatively impact long term milk supply. The extremely rapid growth of the breasts can result in intense heat.

The woman's breasts can generate extraordinary discomfort, turning feverish, red, itchy, and even causing the skin to peel. The swelling can suppress the milk supply, pinching off the milk ducts, and leading to mastitis.

Gestational gigantomastia is estimated to in 1 out of every 28, to , pregnancies. There are case reports of gigantomastia occurring in infants as well. The underlying cause of the rapidly growing breast connective tissue, resulting in gigantic proportions, has not been well-elucidated. Macromastia occurs in approximately half of women with aromatase excess syndrome a condition of hyperestrogenism.

A handful of drugs have been associated with gigantomastia, including penicillamine , bucillamine , neothetazone , ciclosporin , indinavir, and prednisolone. Medical treatment has not proven consistently effective. Medical regimens have included tamoxifen , [26] progesterone , bromocriptine , the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist leuprorelin , and testosterone.

Gestational macromastia has been treated with breast reduction drugs alone without surgery. Topical treatment includes regimens of ice to cool the breasts. Treatment of hyperprolactinemia-associated macromastia with D 2 receptor agonists such as bromocriptine and cabergoline has been found to be effective in some, but not all cases.

Once a girl's breast growth rate has stabilized, breast reduction may be an appropriate choice. When secondary to pregnancy, it may resolve itself without treatment after the pregnancy ends. Extremely large breasts are a source of considerable attention. Depression is common among sufferers.

In the case of a year-old Japanese girl reported in , her "massively enlarged" breasts caused her "intense psychological problems, incapacitating her in school activities and social relations.

Finding large bra sizes and styles that fit is challenging. Ill-fitting bras with narrow straps can cause chronic irritation, redness, and indentations in the shoulders. Skin rashes under the breasts are common, particularly during warm weather. Heavy breasts may cause headaches , neck pain, upper and lower back pain , and numbness or tingling in the fingers.

Insurance companies in the United States typically require the physician to provide evidence that a woman's large breasts cause headaches or back and neck pain before they will pay for reduction mammoplasty. Insurance companies also mandate a woman who is overweight, which is often the case with gigantomastia, to first lose a certain amount of weight.

One early and extreme case study of gigantomastia dates to The patient died four months after the onset of enlargement. On April 17, , a year-old woman named Lu-shi was treated for hypertrophy in a Chinese hospital. She was treated by a missionary physician.

The right breast was removed one month later. In , a woman reported that her breasts grew at puberty from nothing to a C cup in one month. When she became pregnant for the first time, her breasts increased two cup sizes in a few days.

Immediately after her first birth, her breasts grew three cup sizes. After her second child was born, her breasts increased six cup sizes. After her third childbirth, they grew 10 cup sizes, and after her fourth child was born, they grew nine cup sizes.

In this instance, the swelling abated about 10 days after childbirth, but her bra cup size remained E to a G for the next year. About one year postpartum, her breasts rapidly atrophied to AA cup size. In , Dr Ganiyu Adebisi Rahman and his colleagues reported the case of a year-old woman who presented with massive swelling of her breasts and bilateral axillary swellings of 6 years duration. Dr Rahman led a team of surgeons in Ilorin to perform a total bilateral excision of the hypertrophied axillary breasts, and bilateral breast amputation with composite nipple-areola complex graft of the normally located breasts.

The total weight of the breast tissues removed was Another extreme case was observed in in Maria Vittoria Hospital in Turin, Italy, where the amount removed from both breasts was The growth occurred during puberty making it a case of juvenile gigantomastia, but the patient did not seek treatment until the age of At their largest, one breast weighed 6.

Her husband custom-made a special bra to support her breasts. In , a Chilean TV station covered the story of year-old Jasna Galleguillos from Antofagasta , who experienced ongoing back pain, making everyday tasks very difficult to perform. She underwent breast reduction surgery to relieve her pain. Surgeons removed 4. The woman was told by a folk healer that her condition may have been caused by a curse. The weight of her breasts was not reported in detail, but seemed to weigh "as much as two children.

The producers of Wish Ko Lang paid for additional surgery. In , the Japanese journal Surgery Today reported on the case of a year-old girl. Over the next eight months, both breasts grew abnormally large, and physicians treating her found that her physiological development was normal except for her breasts.

The weight produced by their symmetrical and massive enlargement resulted in marked curvature of the spine. Lab tests of her blood for hormones and biochemical substances showed normal values, though tests revealed that it might have been caused by hypersensitivity to estrogen. She underwent a bilateral reduction mammoplasty. Surgeons removed 2 kilograms 4. She was administered tamoxifen afterward to suppress breast regrowth. The breasts had begun to grow rapidly at puberty and had reached the point of causing physical impairment and respiratory compromise after one year.

The skin was intact without any ulcerations. Blood chemistry and endocrine investigation was normal. A bilateral reduction mammaplasty with free nipple grafts was performed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Breast hypertrophy Specialty Gynecology , endocrinology Breast hypertrophy is a rare medical condition of the breast connective tissues in which the breasts become excessively large. European Journal of Plastic Surgery. Cent II Obs Stone's Plastic Surgery Facts and Figures 3rd ed.

Cambridge University Press. Rosen's Breast Pathology. Wolters Kluwer Health. The Malaysian Journal of Pathology. Ask the Expert FAQs. Archived from the original on Retrieved Chandler, Arizona. Archived from the original on October 4, Retrieved October 26, Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology. The Register U. European Journal of Pediatrics. Pediatric Radiology. Lekarski in Polish.

The underlying mechanism causing juvenile breast hypertrophy has not yet been elucidated. However, mastectomy and implants may not be best treatment option due to the risk of complications. The recovery from mastectomy is different for everyone. Macromastia during puberty. Erik M. Macromastia in adolescents is multifactorial and usually idiopathic, associated with obesity or hormonal imbalances. A diagnosis of gestational gigantomastia complicated by infection, ulceration and anaemia was made.

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy. Background

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Get free access to newly published articles. After her third childbirth, they grew 10 cup sizes, and after her fourth child was born, they grew nine cup sizes. In this instance, the swelling abated about 10 days after childbirth, but her bra cup size remained E to a G for the next year. About one year postpartum, her breasts rapidly atrophied to AA cup size. In , Dr Ganiyu Adebisi Rahman and his colleagues reported the case of a year-old woman who presented with massive swelling of her breasts and bilateral axillary swellings of 6 years duration.

Dr Rahman led a team of surgeons in Ilorin to perform a total bilateral excision of the hypertrophied axillary breasts, and bilateral breast amputation with composite nipple-areola complex graft of the normally located breasts. The total weight of the breast tissues removed was Another extreme case was observed in in Maria Vittoria Hospital in Turin, Italy, where the amount removed from both breasts was The growth occurred during puberty making it a case of juvenile gigantomastia, but the patient did not seek treatment until the age of At their largest, one breast weighed 6.

Her husband custom-made a special bra to support her breasts. In , a Chilean TV station covered the story of year-old Jasna Galleguillos from Antofagasta , who experienced ongoing back pain, making everyday tasks very difficult to perform. She underwent breast reduction surgery to relieve her pain. Surgeons removed 4. The woman was told by a folk healer that her condition may have been caused by a curse. The weight of her breasts was not reported in detail, but seemed to weigh "as much as two children.

The producers of Wish Ko Lang paid for additional surgery. In , the Japanese journal Surgery Today reported on the case of a year-old girl. Over the next eight months, both breasts grew abnormally large, and physicians treating her found that her physiological development was normal except for her breasts.

The weight produced by their symmetrical and massive enlargement resulted in marked curvature of the spine. Lab tests of her blood for hormones and biochemical substances showed normal values, though tests revealed that it might have been caused by hypersensitivity to estrogen. She underwent a bilateral reduction mammoplasty. Surgeons removed 2 kilograms 4. She was administered tamoxifen afterward to suppress breast regrowth.

The breasts had begun to grow rapidly at puberty and had reached the point of causing physical impairment and respiratory compromise after one year. The skin was intact without any ulcerations. Blood chemistry and endocrine investigation was normal. A bilateral reduction mammaplasty with free nipple grafts was performed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Hypertrophy of breast.

Breast hypertrophy Specialty Gynecology , endocrinology Breast hypertrophy is a rare medical condition of the breast connective tissues in which the breasts become excessively large. European Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Cent II Obs Stone's Plastic Surgery Facts and Figures 3rd ed. Cambridge University Press. Rosen's Breast Pathology. Wolters Kluwer Health. The Malaysian Journal of Pathology. Ask the Expert FAQs. Archived from the original on Retrieved Chandler, Arizona. Archived from the original on October 4, Retrieved October 26, Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology.

The Register U. European Journal of Pediatrics. Pediatric Radiology. Lekarski in Polish. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. The Breast. International Textbook of Aesthetic Surgery : — Niger Postgrad Med J. Case Reports in Endocrinology. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open. European Journal of Human Genetics.

Dabbs Breast Pathology. Elsevier Health Sciences. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports. Annals of Plastic Surgery.

Case Reports. The Breast Journal. Endocrine Abstracts. Br J Plast Surg. Management of Breast Diseases. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. The New York Times.

Surgery Today. People Magazine. Seattle Woman Magazine. By William Durston Dr. Together with what Was thereupon Observed in Her Body". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

Gigantomastia is a rare condition that causes excessive growth of the female breasts. Only a couple hundred cases have been reported in the medical literature. The exact cause of gigantomastia isn't known.

The condition can occur randomly, but it has also been seen to occur during puberty, pregnancy, or after taking certain medications. It doesn't occur in men. Other symptoms include breast pain, posture problems, infections, and back pain.

While gigantomastia is considered a benign noncancerous condition, it can be physically disabling if not treated. In some cases, the condition resolves on its own, but many women with gigantomastia will need to have breast reduction surgery or a mastectomy.

The main symptom of gigantomastia is an excessive overgrowth of breast tissue in one breast unilateral or both breasts bilateral. The growth may occur slowly over a period of a few years. In some women, the breast growth occurs rapidly over the course of just a few days or weeks. There is no universally accepted definition for the amount of growth. Many researchers define gigantomastia as a breast enlargement that requires reduction of 1, to 2, grams per breast.

The exact mechanism by which gigantomastia occurs in the body isn't well understood. Genetics and an increased sensitivity to female hormones, like prolactin or estrogen, are thought to play a role.

For some women, gigantomastia happens spontaneously without an obvious cause. Gigantomastia can be divided into several subtypes. The subtypes are related to the event that may have triggered the condition.

Your doctor will take a medical and family history and perform a physical examination. You may be asked questions about:. If you're an adolescent, your doctor might make a diagnosis of gigantomastia if your breasts grew rapidly soon after your first menstrual period. There is no standard treatment for gigantomastia. The condition is usually treated on a case-by-case basis. Treatment is first aimed at treating any infections, ulcers, pain, and other complications. Pregnancy-induced gigantomastia might go away on its own after giving birth.

Surgery to reduce the size of the breasts is called breast reduction surgery. It's also known as reduction mammoplasty. During a breast reduction surgery, a plastic surgeon will reduce the amount of breast tissue, remove excess skin, and reposition the nipple and the dark skin around it. The surgery takes a few hours. You may have to stay in the hospital for one night following the operation.

If you're pregnant, you might have to wait until after finishing breastfeeding to have a breast reduction surgery. If you're an adolescent, your doctor may want you to wait until after puberty is completed before you have the surgery. This is because there is high chance of reoccurrence. You may be asked to visit your doctor for an evaluation and physical examination every six months during this time.

Another type of surgery, known as mastectomy, has a much lower rate of reoccurrence. A mastectomy involves removing all of the breast tissue. After a mastectomy, you can get breast implants. However, mastectomy and implants may not be best treatment option due to the risk of complications.

Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits of each type of surgery with you. Your doctor might prescribe medications either before or after a breast reduction surgery to help stop the growth of the breasts.

These may include:. However, the effectiveness of these medications in treating gigantomastia varies. The extreme breast enlargement and the excess weight of the breasts can result in physical complications, including:. In addition, extremely large breasts can result in psychological, emotional, and social problems. For example, teenagers with the condition may be harassed or embarrassed at school.

This can lead to:. If not treated, gigantomastia can lead to problems with posture and back problems, which can be physically disabling. It can also cause dangerous infections, body image issues, and pregnancy complications.

In rare cases, a person with gigantomastia may need to have an emergency mastectomy because of complications. Gigantomastia doesn't cause cancer and doesn't spread to other parts of the body. Breast reduction surgery is considered a safe and effective treatment. However, research has shown that puberty and pregnancy-induced gigantomastia may reoccur after breast reduction surgery. You may be able to reduce the size of your large breasts without surgery.

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Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy

Breast hypertrophy pregnancy